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Tarascan Incense Burner

Tarascan Incense Burner

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Ihuatzio (archaeological site)

The ancient site is some 7 kilometers south-east of Tzintzuntzan, on the south-eastern shore of the Lake Pátzcuaro. Human settlements vestiges are registered from two different occupational periods the first occurred between 900 and 1200 CE, corresponding to Nahuatl language speaking groups the second group corresponding to the maximum development reached by the Purépecha Culture, between 1200 and 1530 CE.

This archaeological site was built on an artificially leveled plateau, and it is considered very important, for the Michoacán prehispanic history, it was an astronomical observatory and ceremonial center. Although it is relatively small, the pyramids dedicated to "Curicaueri" and "Xaratanga" [2] are remarkable. A sculpture representing a Chac Mool [3] (Toltec culture characteristic element) was found as well as a series of roads and walls surrounding the site. [4]

The prehispanic settlement fully covers a low-lying plateau and kept a strategic location at the extreme west of the Lake and other dominant sites as Tzintzuntzan. [1]

The Emperor's Orders

The New Emperor quickly brought his old friend, Purple Cloud to his new imperial palace in Tikal. Emperor Huup Bolontiku I wanted Purple Cloud to lead a Project Taino. The Taino were an isolated people in the Caribbean Sea. The Emperor wanted Purple Cloud to develop a powerful navy that could carry Mayan armies across great portions of sea.

Purple Cloud immediately went to work. The Emperor gave him everything he needed, but Purple cloud still insisted that it would take two or three years to accomplish such a great task. During this time, Bolontiku busied himself with reforming domestic law.

Two years later Purple Cloud and his team presented to the Emperor, the greatest Navy of the World. Emperor Bolontiku marveled at how powerful each ship was. On March 4 1346,

Mask of the God, Xipe Totec

The Imperial Mayan Army prepared to board the ships. Many Mayans believed that they were going to war. This caused patriotic fever. Every man wanted to join Bolontiku's army, especially when people found out that Emperor Huup Bolontiku I would be commanding it.

And so the Mayan army grew so large that Purple Cloud was put to work again building even more ships. Finally, exactly a year after when they were supposed to board the ships were boarded. The ships were named 'The Jaguar', 'The Snake', 'Xipe Totec',and 'The Mayan'. Months later, the ships spotted an island and named it New Tikal (OTL Cuba) the island quickly fell to Mayan forces after the Battle of Taino.

The Chief of the defeated tribe, simply referred to in Mayan texts as 'The Fat Chief ' fled the island and rallied neighboring islands to his cause. A week later, while the Mayan army was preparing to attack the island of New Mayapan, a massive army composed of all the islanders and their tribes. This caught the Mayans completely by surprise and the Mayans were forced to fake a retreat. The enemy army of Arawaks followed in heavy pursuit. In the Battle of Arawaka, the Mayans released the Gunners on the Arawaks. The Arawaks very well trained and brave. The battle that ensued, lasted four days and was the longest of its time.

At the dawn of the 4th day, Emperor Bolontiku called a truce. He declared that he and the Fat Chief would duel to the death, and the loser's forces would then retreat. The Fat Chief agreed to such a duel. They both chose to bring spears as their weapons. Emperor Huup Bolontiku I slayed the fat Chief, but one of his men let loose an arrow that pierced his skull. Needless to say, the battle broke out again. After another two days the Mayans were victorious, and the islands of the Caribbean joined the Mayan Empire. It is said Mother Earth wept for four days, and during this time nothing grew, but many plants withered and died. Huup Bolontiku only ruled 1343-1348, but was remembered fondly.

The former Emperor's son, K'inich Kan B'alam III was crowned Emperor shortly afterward.

My YouTube Videos of the Event

This very short video clip, below, is the one I managed to take between the many still photographs I took on my first day in Santiago de Compostela at my very first pilgrim's mass. This was back in 2014 when the botafumeiro was swung much more often than now. 

Here it is in all its glory! Enjoy!

The very next year in 2015, I completed my second Camino to Santiago de Compostela, on the Camino Primitivo. I arrived at the cathedral one and a half hours early for the Friday mass at 7:30 p.m. and barely got a reserved seat for pilgrims in the cross nave! D on't forget to take your Compostela for the reserved seating.

Here is my video, from this vantage point, in the cross nave. I filmed the entire event. Enjoy!

My wish is that you too, can one day make your own pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela, this amazing spiritual site, and see the marvel of the botafumeiro swing! May your days be filled with the awe and wonder of all things on your own personal, spiritual journey.

Spice High-ball Baijiu Cocktail

45ml of V.I.P Jiu 8
2 drops of Angostura bitters
Soda water
Lemon twist
½ an inch stick of cinnamon
3 ice cubes

Put ice cubes, bitters, cinnamon and V.I.P Jiu 8 into a high-ball glass, stir and top up with soda water, garnish with lemon twist. Enjoy.

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Chinese Antique Valuations And Appraisals

Do you own a piece of Chinese porcelain or an oriental work of art that you would like to know more about, such as age, history and value?

Then you should really consider using our Chinese Antique Valuation Service as the last thing you want to do is risk under selling the piece due to lack of knowledge or ill gotten advice.

Suggested Bibliography [ edit | edit source ]

Ellwood, Grego.  The Encyclopedia of World Religions.  New York: Facts on File, 1998.

Jaques, Tony. Dictionary of Battle and Sieges: A Guide to 8,500 Battles from Antiquity through the Twenty-first Century . Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 2006.

Jessica Rawson et al. “China.” In Oxford Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Ta-Chang, Lin, Guha Krishnaswamy, and David S. Chi. "Incense Smoke: Clinical, Structural and Molecular Effects on Airway Disease." Clinical & Molecular Allergy, 2008.

Wood, Nigel. Chinese Glazes: Their Origins, Chemistry, and Recreation. Philadephia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

History of Incense Burners

Wondering where it all began? Where the incense came from, and how did it become so popular and culturally relevant all around the world? Keep reading to find out interesting historical facts about incense burners!

If you are interested to read the Benefits to use an Incense Burner at home or in your daily routine then visit this page to read Incense Burner's Benefits and what changes it can bring to your life and your mind.

What are incenses and where did they come from?

Incense is the plant material that gives out a soothing aroma when burnt, the aroma is what incense is. Many people use it to meditate, while others use it for the anti bacterial properties it holds.

What are incense burners?

Due to the nature of incense itself, there are various things to consider while burning incense by itself. Incense burners are chic ways of burning incense without letting the ash burnt material fall down and make a mess. There are various types and styles of incense burners, these include wooden materials, traditional and modern ones as well.

Many people use incenses in their homes and workspaces, which is why it is important to have an incense burner that does not ruin the look of the room.

Incense means burn and has Latin origins. Incense burners have been found in the Indus Civilization (3300–1300 BCE). Evidence recommends oils were utilized for the most part for their fragrance. India additionally received methods from East Asia, adjusting the detailing to incorporate sweet-smelling roots and different indigenous verdure. This was the primary utilization of underground plant parts in incense.

At around 2000 BCE, Ancient China started the utilization of incense in the strict sense, in particular for worship. Incense was utilized by Chinese societies from Neolithic occasions and turned out to be inescapable in the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties. The earliest signs of incense burners were from old Chinese who used them for their cultural rituals.

Brought to Japan in the sixth century by Korean Buddhist priests, who utilized the mysterious fragrances in their refinement customs, the sensitive aromas of turned into a wellspring of delight. However, it was not until the Murom chi period during the fifteenth and sixteenth century that incense thankfulness (kōdō) spread to the upper and working classes of Japanese society.

Cultural Origins

When talking about the origin of incense, it goes back to different dates in different cultures with different meanings to them. Incense burning has been around for centuries, it is used as a tool to meditate, concentrate, and connect with your inner self and for religious events as well.

For example, in the Chinese culture, it has a long history in China. Individuals cense their garments to show politeness and censing later turned into a training supported by savvy people. Prior to the Han Dynasty (206BC-AD220), incense burners made of earthenware production, porcelain, metal, iron and tiles previously appeared.

Chinese incense burners are regularly made to look like a metal or stone dish and remain on little legs. Today numerous societies all through the world use incense burner holders for strict and otherworldly customs. The plan of numerous Chinese and Japanese incense burners are vigorously impacted by strict pictures, for example, the Buddha or Chinese divine beings.

Similarly, many cultures around the world use incense burners differently. However, in today’s world many people use incense burners due to their various benefits such as the soothing impact they give to the surrounding.

If you own an Incense Burner and don't know how to use it than we have our Complete User Guide of How to Use Incense Burners with Incense Cones. DO read there and give your complete feedback of how was your experience when you use it.

The American Museum of Natural History, by Barbara Steinberg

Then — the ticket, elephants, and stuffed parrots from people who thought manicured death educates.

On the second floor I met ceramic idols whose makers

never knew their world had disappeared

never knew the hysteria of monotheism

They did not hallucinate death stars, even though their art was buried with the dead.

Starving for wonder, we could only glance at them through the nano-second attention span of our world, understanding nothing, as they stared back at us with aplomb —

Aware of their purpose and purposefully aware,

Contemplative relationship between

Star watchers and astronauts

Object 1: Copper-silver alloy funerary mask originally attached to a mummy head. Surface corrosion showing fabric impressions suggest that the mask was originally covered in cloth, with only the gold eyes showing. Chimu-Lambayeque Culture, Peru A.D. 1100 – 1400.

Objects 2 & 3: From 1438 to 1532, Tawantinsuyu (the Inca Empire) peacefully assimilated many Andean mountain civilizations. One of them was the Ichma from the Lurín Valley, whose god was Pacha Kamaq, Creator of the World. The Ichma built a Temple of the Sun in the city of Pachacamac to honor him.

The Tawantinsuyu expanded the city, building a larger, more dominant sun temple. Pedro Cieza de León wrote in his Crónicas del Perú (1530), “And when the (Inca) temple to the Sun had been built, they filled it with riches and put many virgins in it.”

One of the Inca’s most distinct designs was the urpu, or storage jar, which had round chambers, handles, tall necks, flared rims, and pointed bases. The pointed base allowed large urpus to be set in the earth for stability. Ropes were pulled through the handles, so people could carry them on their backs. In Inca culture, urpus were decorated with polychrome geometric slip designs in black and red on a cream-colored background, as you can see from the first example, which resides at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

However, graves around the Inca Temple of the Sun contain ceramics with Pacha Kamaq painted on them, and in Ichma style, the pointed base is not a separate part attached to the bottom, but part of a one-piece form.

The second example, a storage vase from the American Museum of Natural History, shows how ideas were combined when the Inca assimilated Ichma culture.

Object 4: This vessel is modeled on the form of a killer whale. Please note the powerful jaws and large eye. Early Nasca, Peru (75 BC to 175 AD). Nasca religion didn’t have deities, but spirits with supernatural power. These ceramic figures symbolized mythical beings, anthropomorphic composites that represented the most powerful forces of the air, earth, and water. The Mythical Killer Whale, Horrible Bird, and Serpentine Creature are just three, and they were associated with trophy heads. The Nasca decapitated their victims in battle. In official rituals, shamans impersonated mythical beings, using trophy heads as symbols of death, regeneration, and fertility.

Object 5: Mask with painted cotton cloth, wool turban with snake design and fox headdress ornament from the top of a cloth-wrapped mummy. The ornament is made from a fox muzzle, covered with feathers from the blue-and-yellow macaw and other tropical birds and attached to cotton cloth. The green and orange feathers represent eyes and whiskers. Cerro Uhle, Ica Valley, Peru.

Object 6: Terracotta incense burner representing the Aztec god of rain, Tlaloc. Made in Colima in the Northwest Valley of Mexico (100 BC – 250 AD), the burner has back-to-back figures. Their heads merge to become the container that burns incense. The handle also serves as the figures’ imaginative headdresses, its tall arch providing support for serpents attached at the front.

Objects 7 & 8: The face of this large, spherical sculpture is that of the Maize God Homshuk. Mesoamerican civilizations such as the Olmec usually carved the faces of maize gods atop turtle shells. However in this piece, two large glyphlike turtles with corn on their shells grace the top of the stone, while Homshuk protrudes from one side. The artist might have chosen a round stone because Homshuk was born from an egg. The incised designs have been emphasized with white ink.

Object 9: Purépecha contemplative female sculpture. The Purépecha people are also known as Tarascan, The female figure comes from the Lake Pátzcuaro region, seat of the Tarascan Empire which dominated the approximate area of Michoacan in Post-Classic times (900-1500 AD). Well-organized and aggressive, they built an empire similar to the Aztecs with large stone temple structures, and worked metal and precious stones with great skill. Their sculpture is notable for squared geometric forms.


The territory that would eventually form the setting of the Tarascan state is the high volcanic region constituting the western extension of the Mexican Mesa Central, in between two large rivers: the Lerma and Balsas Rivers. Including temperate, subtropical and tropical climate zones, it is dominated by Cenozoic volcanic mountains and lake basins above 2000 meters altitude, but also includes lower land in the southwestern coastal regions. Most common soil types in the central plateau are young volcanic Andosols, Luvisols and less fertile Acrisols. The vegetation is mainly pine, pine-oak and fir. Human occupation has focused on the lake basins, which are abundant in resources. In the north, near the Lerma river, there are obsidian resources and thermal springs. The Tarascan state was centered around the Lake Pátzcuaro basin.

German Smokers: Our Ten Favorites

The German Rauchermann, commonly known as a “German smoker,” is an incense-burning decoration from the Ore Mountains (the Erzgebirge). These German smokers are wooden figurines usually carved into small men. The upper part of its body is hollowed out so cone incense can be placed inside. The cone incense then burns inside the figurine and the smoke flows out of his mouth (as if the figurine was smoking the incense). Pretty awesome, right?

These little guys have been part of the Ore Mountain Christmas tradition for over 150 years now. Prior to this invention, incense was burned in the open air without any kind of tiny man to pretend he’s smoking it. Boring! Since these are such a traditional part of the German Christmas culture, Oktoberfesthaus went ahead and stocked up. We now have over 250 different smokers. We think they’re a really fun decoration that will go well in any home. Not to mention, incense is the perfect way to add a soothing atmosphere to your home. Here are our ten favorite Rauchermann designs:

1. Steinbach Uncle Sam German Smoker

Showing German heritage pride has never been easier for Americans with the Uncle Sam German Smoker. This 11-inch wooden model will bring some Erzgebirge flavor into our country’s beloved mascot. With his little suitcase, labeled both “Munchen” and “New York”, Uncle Sam shows you how to roll in style when in Germany.

2. Steinbach Barrister German Smoker

Oh, what’s that? There’s no smoking allowed in the courtroom? See if the Barrister German Smoker cares. The barrister comes complete with his legal book and classical formal attire of an English attorney. Except for one key difference: When the caseload gets heavy and he needs to calm down, this barrister gets down on incense. No wonder he’s so good.

3. KWO Fraternity Man Incense Smoker

The Fraternity Man Incense Smoker is a relic of how a fraternity brother should look. No trendy clothes and raging EDM music are necessary to bring him out. All he wants to do is drink a tall one and smoke some incense in your home. This 7.5 “ figurine is the perfect gift to give to your brothers: because nothing strengthens the bond between siblings like a German fraternity member smoking incense.

4. KWO Siting Story Teller Incense Smoker

Gather around, children, and listen to the stories from this wise old German man. Actually, he’s probably not going to tell you any stories. He’s more likely to just smoke incense all evening. But isn’t that better than a story? Who needs to be entertained with tales from the past when a storyteller is smoking incense in your house? That’s a much better story than he ever could have offered you.

5. Santa with Music Box

Since the German smoker is technically a Christmas decoration, it only makes sense that we feature a smoking Santa. This small set includes a wooden Santa who’s delivering gifts and playing it suave with his pipe. This set also includes a music box in the disguise of Santa’s table. So not only does Santa burn incense with you, but he’ll keep the music flowing too!

6.Dregeno Nurse Holding Tray German Incense

This smoker offers a twist on the classic design. Instead of having the smoke come from the figurine’s mouth, the nurse is actually holding a tray of medicine, which is where the smoke emits. What kind of medicine emits smoke, you ask? Don’t worry about it: the nurse knows what she’s doing. This is an authentic smoker made in Germany.

7. Chimney Sweep German Incense Smoker

What kind of Oktoberfest vendor would we be if we didn’t sell chimney sweep incense smokers? Chimney sweeps practically breathed smoke for a living. It’s only appropriate that we celebrate this old profession with Germany’s traditional smoke-creating decoration. This German-made chimney sweep comes with his own ladder, bundle of sticks, and he’s ready for some flames.

8. Happy Shepherd with Sheep German Incense

What a cheerful sight this is! Lo and behold, the happy shepherd is tending to his sheep and he’s in a great mood today! His perpetual smile will always give your room a glow. Plus, the burning incense will ensure that you’re always just as happy and relaxed as the happy shepherd.

9. Trombone Player German Incense Smoker

Even the trombone player is never too busy to put his music aside to enjoy some incense with you. As a matter of fact, he’ll probably never pick up that old thing again. He’s just having too grand a time with his casual smoke. This authentic item stands 7 inches tall and was handcrafted in a small village in the Erzgebirge.

10. Ulbricht Incense Smoker Penguin

Thought you’ve seen it all? Well you haven’t. Enter the Penguin Incense Smoker, standing 7 inches tall. This wooden penguin was handcrafted and painted in Germany. He dons a bright yellow scarf, some red and white striped socks, and a red snow cap for the cold weather. In addition, the penguin also has an incense pipe to keep warm. Help this penguin stay warm by brining it home with you.

These were just ten of our hundreds of available German smokers. If you’re in love with these fun figurines, click here to see our entire store!

Watch the video: New Smokeless Incense Burner: Let My Prayer Arise as Incense (June 2022).


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