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Review: Volume 31

Review: Volume 31


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  • Second World War
  • Economics
  • Military History
  • Local History: Worthing
  • First World War
  • Modern Politics
  • Religion

Volume XXXI (31) (1941-1942)

Adams, Franklin P.: H. L. Mencken’s A New Dictionary of Quotations 821
After a Visit to England. Thornton Wilder 217
Ain’t Nobody Perfect. Arthur L. Bradford 588
Alfalfa and Omega. Sterling North 503
American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion. Quincy Howe 315
American Writers and the New World, The. Archibald MacLeish 61
Anshen, Ruth Nanda, ed.: Science and Man. Rev. by J. H. Bradley 837
Armstrong, Anne W.: Edd Winfield Parks’s Charles Egbert Craddock (Mary Noailles Murfree) 211
Arnold, H. H.: Winged Warfare. Rev. by Kurt Lachmann 194
Asch, Nathan: A Home for Emma 350
Bacon, Leonard: W. S. Lewis’s Three Tours through London in the Years 1748, 1776, ,707 619
Baldwin, Hanson W.: United We Stand. Rev. by Kurt Lachmann 194
Bangs, Francis Hyde: John Kendrick Bangs. Rev. by G. S. Haight 407
Barker, George: Selected Poems. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Bateson, F. W., ed.: The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. Rev. by D. G. Wing 208
Baxter, James P., 3rd: Dexter Perkins’s Hands Off 178
Bayne-Jones, Stanhope: Simon Flexner’s and James Thomas Flexner’s William. Henry Welch and the Heroic Age of American Medicine 387
Becker, Carl L.: Making Democracy Safe in the World 433
— New Liberties for Old. Rev. by R. B. Perry 408
— Raoul de Roussy de Sales’s The Making of Tomorrow 805
— William L. Shirer’s Berlin Diary 173
Bennett, Whitman: Whittier. Rev. by S. T. Williams 626
Bradford, Arthur L.: Ain’t Nobody Perfect 588
Bradley, John Hodgdon: Ruth Nanda Anshen’s Science and Man 837
— Julian Huxley’s Man Stands Alone 416
— Donald Culross Peattie’s The Road of a Naturalist 184
Brebner, J. B.: Samuel Eliot Morison’s Admiral of the Ocean Sea 606
British View of India’s Problems, A. Sir Robert Holland 569
Brodie, Bernard: Sea Power in the Machine Age. Rev. by Paul Schubert 190
Brooks, Van Wyck: What Is Primary Literature? 25
— Opinions of Oliver Allston. Rev. by Herbert J. Muller 608
Brown, Harry. The Poem of Bunker Hill. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Brown, Ralph S., Jr., ed.: Horace Walpole’s Correspondence with George Montagu. Rev. by Herbert Davis 611
Bryant, Arthur: Pageant of England, 1840-1940, Rev. by S. K. Ratcliffe 186
Butler, E. M.: Rainer Maria Rilke. Rev. by Victor Lange 399
Buxton, John: The Swifts. Verse 513
Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature, The. Rev. by D. G. Wing 108
Canada and the Total War. Maxwell Cohen 299
Cant, Gilbert: The War at Sea. Rev. by Herbert Rosinski 841
Capper, Arthur: Frank C. Clough’s William Allen White of Emporia 382
Chamberlain, John: Looking Ahead 9
Chamberlin, William Henry: American Views of Japanese-American Relations. Book Reviews 420
Cheney, Sheldon: The Story of Modern Art. Rev. by G. H. Hamilton 632
Chéradame, André: Defense of the Americas. Rev. by F. S. Dunn 412
Clapesattle, Helen B.: The Doctors Mayo. Rev. by S. C. Harvey 823
Clapper, Raymond: The President. Book Reviews 601
Clark, Walter Van Tilburg: The Portable Phonograph 53
Clough, Frank C.: William Allen White of Emporia. Rev. by Arthur Capper 382
Cohen, Maxwell: Canada and the Total War 299
Collier, John: Meeting of Relations 430
Comstock, Ada L.: Women in this War 671
Copland, Aaron: Our New Music. Rev. by Douglas Moore 391
Cranwell, John Philips: The Destiny of Sea Power. Rev. by Herbert Rosinski 841
Creek, The. Verse. Walter de la Mare 233
Croce, Benedetto: History As the Story of Liberty. Rev. by C. W. Hendel 396
Cross, Wilbur L.: Our First Thirty Years 1
— Our Historical Antecedents 645
Cuningham, Charles E.: Timothy Dwight. Rev. by R. D. French 851
Dangerfield, George: Victoria’s Heir. Rev. by S. K. Ratcliffe 418
Daniels, Earl: Death by Water. Verse 297
Davidson, Eugene: H. L. Mencken’s Newspaper Days 847
Davis, Herbert: W. S. Lewis’s and Ralph S. Brown, Jr.’s Horace Walpole’s Correspondence with George Montagu 611
Death by Water. Verse. Earl Daniels 297
De la Mare, Walter: Two Poems 233
Democracy as a Principle of Business. Edwin G. Nourse 454
Deuel, Wallace R.: People under Hitler. Rev. by W. L. White 614
DeVane, William C.: Edmund Wilson’s The Wound and the Bow 384
DeWeerd, H. A.: The Emergence of Coalition War 649
Dodds, Harold W.: Political Parties in War Time 703
Dresbach, Glenn Ward: A Hard Place. Verse 730
Driver, Cecil H.: Philip Guedalla’s Mr. Churchill 618
Dulles, Allen W.: Hugh R. Wilson’s Diplomat between Wars 180
Dunbar, Virginia Esterly: Two Poems 683
Dunn, Frederick Sherwood: Andre Chéradame’s Defense of the Americas 412
— The War We Might Have Fought. Book Reviews 810
Eaker, Ira C.: Winged Warfare. Rev. by Kurt Lachmann 194
Ellis, Elmer: Mr. Dooley’s America. Rev. by Dixon Wecter 630
Emergence of Coalition War, The. H. A. DeWeerd 649
Faison, S. L., Jr.: Primitives and Others. Book Reviews 854
Fay, Sidney B.: Pierre Gaxotte’s Frederick the Great 812
Ferrero, Guglielmo: The Reconstruction of Europe. Rev. by W. L. Langer 411
Fleisher, Wilfrid: Our Enemy Japan. Rev. by H. S. Quigley 856
Fletcher, John Gould: Old South Revisited. Verse 334
Flexner, James Thomas: William Henry Welch and the Heroic Age of American Medicine. Rev. by Stanhope Bayne-Jones 387
Flexner, Simon: William Henry Welch and the Heroic Age of American Medicine. Rev. by Stanhope Bayne-Jones 387
Fortunate Generation, The. Bettina Linn 555
Frederiksen, O. J., ed.: A History of Ukraine. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 424
French, Robert Dudley: Charles E. Cuningham’s Timothy Dwight 851
Friday on a Farm. Betty Fible Martin 861
Frost, Robert: I Could Give All to Time. Verse 24
— A Witness Tree. Rev. by G. F. Whicher 808
Gale, Charles H.: Training Military Pilots 477
Gaulle, Charles de: The Army of the Future. Rev. by Kurt Lachmann 194
Gaxotte, Pierre: Frederick the Great. Rev. by S. B. Fay 812
Gayn, Mark J.: The Fight for the Pacific. Rev. by W. H. Chamberlin 420
Gershoy, Leo: France. Book Reviews 834
Gessler, Clifford: Pattern of Mexico. Rev. by George Kubler 623
Gottschalk, Louis: Lafayette and the Close of the American Revolution. Rev. by Allan Nevins 814
Grattan, C. Hartley: Introducing Australia. Rev. by A. W. Griswold 642
Graves, Robert: The Long Week-End. Rev. by S. K. Ratcliffe 186
Griswold, A. Whitney: C. Hartley Grattan’s Introducing Australia 642
Guatemalan Market Day. Dorothy Reynolds 731
Guedalla, Philip: Mr. Churchill. Rev. by C. H. Driver 618
Guérard, Albert: The France of Tomorrow. Rev. by Leo Gershoy 834
Gunther, John: Inside Latin America. Rev. by L. A. Sánchez 427
Habe, Hans: A Thousand Shall Fall. Rev. by Barnet Nover 379
Hahn, Emily: The Soong Sisters. Rev. by Ida Treat 204
Haight, Gordon S.: Francis Hyde Bangs’s John Kendrick Bangs 407
Hamilton, George Heard: Sheldon Cheney’s The Story of Modern Art 632
Hanc, Josef: Tornado across Eastern Europe. Rev. by Otakar Odlozilik 839
Hansen, Alvin H.: Income, Consumption, and National Defense 117
Harbor View. Verse, Frances Taylor Patterson 770
Hard Place, A. Verse. Glenn Ward Dresbach 730
Harsch, Joseph C.: Pattern of Conquest. Rev. by Barnet Nover 379
Harvey, Samuel C.: Helen B. Clapesattle’s The Doctors Mayo 823
Hayakawa, S. I.: Language in Action. Rev. by J. C. Pope 829
Hedin, Sven: Chiang Kai-shek. Rev. by Ida Treat 204
Hendel, Charles W.: Benedetto Croce’s History As the Story of Liberty 396
Henning, Basil Duke: Dwight E. Lee’s Ten Years 853
— Garrett Mattingly’s Catherine of Aragon 215
Henry, George: A History of Medical Psychology. Rev. by Adolf Meyer 621
Hermens, F. A.: Democracy or Anarchy? Rev. by H. C. Mansfield 213
Herring, Hubert: Good Neighbors. Rev. by J. I. B. McCulloch 202
Hindus, Maurice: Hitler Cannot Conquer Russia. Rev. by P. E. Mosely 394
Hitler, Adolf: My New Order. Rev. by Hartley Simpson 414
Hodge, Alan: The Long Week-End. Rev. by S. K. Ratcliffe 186
Hogan, John V. L.: Tomorrow’s Problems for Broadcasters 132
Holland, Sir Robert: A British View of India’s Problems 569
Home for Emma, A. Nathan Asch 350
Horgan, Paul: The Peach Stone 783
How Archaeology Aids History. M. Rostovtzeff 713
Howe, Quincy: American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion 315
— Uses of the Radio. Book Reviews 643
Hrushevsky, Michael: A History of Ukraine. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 424
Husband, John Dillon: White Heron. Verse 116
Huxley, Julian S.: Towards a New British Democracy 235
— Man Stands Alone. Rev. by J. H. Bradley 416
I Could Give All to Time. Verse. Robert Frost 24
In a Glass Darkly. Richard Sullivan 548
Income, Consumption, and National Defense. Alvin H. Hansen 117
Inflation: Menace or Bogey? Jacob Viner 684
Ingalls, Jeremy: The Metaphysical Sword. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Ingersoll, Ralph: Action on All Fronts. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 849
Italian Americans, Fascism, and the War. Constantine Panunzio 771
James, Preston E.: Latin America. Rev. by W. L. Schurz 826
Japan’s Dilemma. Nathaniel Peffer 336
Jeffers, Robinson: Be Angry at the Sun. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Johnson, Alvin: The Post-War Farmer 225
Johnson, Gerald W.: Roosevelt. Rev. by Raymond Clapper 601
Johnson, Howard Palmer: Margaret Leech’s Reveille in Washington 210
Johnstone, William C.: The United. States and. Japan’s New Order. Rev. by W. H. Chamberlin 420
Kaempffert, Waldemar: Science, Technology, and War 492
Kant and the Modern German Mind. Jose Ortega y Gasset 95
Karpovich, Michael: Russian Affairs. Book Reviews 849
— Ukrainian History. Book Reviews 424
Kennedy, Margaret: Where Stands a Winged Sentry. Rev. by Booth Tarkington 176
Kennedy, Raymond: Paul McGuire’s Westward the Course 616
Kent, Ralph: The Swastika Flies over Athens 251
Kernan, W. F.: Defense Will Not Win the War. Rev. by F. S. Dunn 810
Kerner, Robert J.: The Urge to the Sea. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 849
Kiralfy, Alexander: Victory in the Pacific. Rev. by H. S. Quigley 856
Kubler, George: Traveller and Archaeologist in Mexico. Book Reviews 623
Lachmann, Kurt: The Art of War. Book Reviews 194
Lang, Paul Henry: Music in Western Civilization. Rev. by R. D. Welch 635
Lange, Victor: E. M. Butler’s Rainer Maria Rilke 399
Langer, William L.: Guglielmo Ferrero’s The Reconstruction of Europe 411
Lazareff, Pierre: Deadline. Rev. by Leo Gershoy 834
Lazarsfeld, Paul F., ed.: Radio Research 1941. Rev. by Quincy Howe 643
Lee, Dwight E.: Ten Years. Rev. by Basil Henning 853
Lee, Irving J.: Language Habits in Human Affairs. Rev. by J. C. Pope 829
Leech, Margaret: Reveille in Washington. Rev. by H. P. Johnson 210
Lemaitre, Georges: From Cubism to Surrealism in French Literature. Rev. by Henri Peyre 637
Letters and Comment 430, 645, 861
Lewis, W. S.: Three Tours through London in the Years 1748, 1776, 1797. Rev. by Leonard Bacon 619
— ed.: Horace Waif ale’s Correspondence with George Montagu. Rev. by Herbert Davis 611
Library of the Quarter. The Editors. Autumn, xvi-xxviii Winter, xiv-xxvi Spring, xiv—xxi Summer, xvi—xxix
Linn, Bettina: The Fortunate Generation 555
Lipman, Jean: American Primitive Painting. Rev. by S. L. Faison, Jr. 854
Littell, Robert: Outstanding Novels. Book Reviews. Autumn, x-xvi Winter, vi-xii Spring, vi-xii Summer, viii-xiv
Locust Summer. James Still 160
Lonely Woman, The. Sean O’Faolain 269
Looking Ahead. John Chamberlain 9
Lowell, A. Lawrence: Some Functions of Higher Education 78
McCulloch, John I. B.: Hubert Herring’s Good Neighbors 202
McGuire, Paul: Westward the Course. Rev. by Raymond Kennedy 616
MacLeish, Archibald: The American Writers and the New World 61
McWilliams, Richebourg: Spare the Larks’ Nest 764
Maddox, William P.: Nicholas John Spykman’s America’s Strategy in World Politics 845
Making Democracy Safe in the World. Carl Becker 433
Mansfield, Harvey C.: F. A. Hermens’s Democracy or Anarchy? 213
Marder, Arthur J.: The Anatomy of British Sea Power. Rev. by Paul Schubert 190
Martin, Betty Fible: Friday on a Farm 861
Mask of William Blake, The. Mark Schorer 747
Matsuo, Kinoaki: How Japan Plans To Win. Rev. by H. S. Quigley 856
Matthiessen, F. O.: American Renaissance. Rev. by S. T. Williams 200
Mattingly, Garrett: Catherine of Aragon. Rev. by B. D. Henning 215
Maurois, André: Antoine de Saint-Exupéry’s Flight to Arras 819
Meeting of Relations. John Collier 430
Mencken, H. L.: Newspaper Days. Rev. by Eugene Davidson 847
— ed.: A New Dictionary of Quotations. Rev. by F. P. Adams 821
Meyer, Adolf: Gregory Zilboorg’s and George Henry’s A History of Medical Psychology 621
Miller, Douglas: You Can’t Do Business with Hitler. Rev. by Gustav Stolper 182
Montagu, George: Correspondence with Horace Walpole. Rev. by Herbert Davis 611
Moore, Douglas: Aaron Copland’s Our New Music 391
Moore, Marianne: What Are Years. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Morison, Samuel Eliot: Admiral of the Ocean Sea. Rev. by J. B. Brebner 606
Mosely, Philip E.: Maurice Hindus’s Hitler Cannot Conquer Russia 394
Muller, Herbert J.: Scientist and Man of Letters 279
— Three Critics. Book Reviews 608
Muret, Charlotte: The Heart of Europe. Rev. by Arnold Wolfers 401
Nevins, Allan: Jefferson and Lafayette. Book Reviews 814
North, Sterling: Alfalfa and Omega 503
Nourse, Edwin G.: Democracy as a Principle of Business 454
Nover, Barnet: Freedom Must Be Earned. Book Reviews 379
Odlozilik, Otakar: Josef Hanc’s Tornado across Eastern Europe 839
O’Faolain, Sean: The Lonely Woman 269
Old South Revisited. Verse. John Gould Fletcher 334
Ortega y Gasset, Jose: Kant and the Modern German Mind 95
Our First Thirty Years. Wilbur L. Cross 1
Our Historical Antecedents. Wilbur L. Cross 645
Outstanding Novels. Book Reviews. Robert Littell. Autumn, x—xvi Winter, vi—xii Spring, vi—xii Summer, viii—xiv
Padover, Saul K.: Jefferson. Rev. by Allan Nevins 814
Panunzio, Constantine: Italian Americans, Fascism, and the War 771
Parks, Edd Winfield: Charles Egbert Craddock (Mary Noailles Murfree). Rev. by A. W. Armstrong- 211
Patmore, Derek: Balkan Correspondent. Rev. by W. L. White 614
Patterson, Frances Taylor: Harbor View. Verse 770
Peach Stone, The. Paul Horgan 783
Peattie, Donald Culross: The Road of a Naturalist. Rev. by J. H. Bradley 184
Peckham, Howard H.: Carl Van Doren’s Secret History of the American Revolution 628
Peffer, Nathaniel: Japan’s Dilemma 336
Perkins, Dexter: Hands Off. Rev. by J. P. Baxter, 3rd 178
Perry, Ralph Barton: Carl L. Becker’s New Liberties for Old 408
Peyre, Henri: Georges Lemaitre’s From Cubism to Surrealism in French Literature 637
Political Parties in War Time. Harold W. Dodds 703
Pope, John C.: Easy Lessons in Semantics. Book Reviews 829
Portable Phonograph, The. Walter Van Tilburg Clark 53
Porter, Roy P.: Uncensored France. Rev. by Leo Gershoy 834
Post-War Farmer, The. Alvin Johnson 225
Pottle, Frederick A.: The Idiom of Poetry. Rev. by W. M. Sale, Jr.. 859
Puleston, W, D.: The Armed Forces of the Pacific. Rev. by Paul Schubert 190
Quigley, Harold S.: The United States and Japan. Book Reviews 856
Quinn, Arthur Hobson: Edgar Allan foe. Rev. by S. T. Williams 626
Radin, Paul: Indians of South America. Rev. by W. L. Schurz 826
Randall, J. G.: T. Harry Williams’s Lincoln and the Radicals 640
Ransom, John Crowe: The New Criticism. Rev. by Herbert Muller 608
Ratcliffe, S. K.: A Century of England. Book Reviews 186
— George Dangerfield’s Victoria’s Heir 418
Resistance and Reconstruction in China. F. Y. Yang 534
Return, The. Verse. Walter de la Mare 234
Review of Russian Policy, A. George Vernadsky 514
Reynolds, Dorothy: Guatemalan Market Day 731
Rich, Daniel Catton: Henri Rousseau. Rev. by S. L. Faison, Jr. 854
Richards, Grant: Housman, 1897—1936. Rev. by C. B. Tinker 832
Rolo, Charles J.: Radio Goes to War. Rev. by Quincy Howe 643
Roosevelt, Franklin D.: Public Papers and Addresses, 1037—1940. Rev. by Raymond Clapper 601
Rosenman, Samuel, ed.: The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1937—1940, Rev. by Raymond Clapper 601
Rosinski, Herbert: Naval Strategy. Book Reviews 841
Rostovtzeff, Michael I.: How Archaeology Aids History 713
— The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World. Rev. by W. L. Westermann 403
Rougemont, Denis de: The Heart of Europe. Rev. by Arnold Wolfers 401
Roussy de Sales, Raoul de: The Making of Tomorrow. Rev. by Carl Becker 805
— ed: My Nets Order. Rev. by Hartley Simpson 414
Saint-Exupéry, Antoine de: Flight to Arras. Rev. by Andre Maurois 819
St. John, Robert: From the Land of Silent People. Rev. by W. L. White 614
Sale, William L., Jr.: Frederick A. Pottle’s The Idiom of Poetry 859
Sanchez, Luis Alberto: John Gunther’s Inside Latin America 427
Schorer, Mark: The Mask of William Blake 747
Schubert, Paul: Naval Evolution. Book Reviews 190
— Sea Power in Conflict. Rev. by Herbert Rosinski 841
Schurz, William L.: Latin America — Land and People. Book Reviews 826
Science, Technology, and War. Waldemar Kaempffert 492
Scientist and Man of Letters. Herbert J. Muller 279
Seversky, Alexander P. de: Victory through Air Power. Rev. by F. S. Dunn 810
Shelley Once More. Chauncey Brewster Tinker 87
Shirer, William L.: Berlin Diary. Rev. by Carl Becker 173
Simpson, Hartley: Adolf Hitler’s My New Order 414
Sinnott, Edmund W.: Vitamins and Recent Biological Research 38
Some Functions of Higher Education. A. Lawrence Lowell 78
Sonnet at Dusk. Theodric Westbrook 86
Spare the Larks’ Nest. Richebourg McWilliams 764
Spykman, Nicholas John: America’s Strategy in World Politics. Rev. by W. P. Maddox 845
Stanton, Frank, ed.: Radio Research 1941. Rev. by Quincy Howe 643
Still, James: Locust Summer 160
Stolper, Gustav: Douglas Miller’s ‘You Can’t Do Business with Hitler 182
Stowe, Leland: No Other Road to Freedom. Rev. by Barnet Nover 379
Strauss, Patricia: Bevin and Co. Rev. by S. K. Ratcliffe 186
Sullivan, Richard: In a Glass Darkly 548
Suydam, E. H.: Pattern of Mexico. Rev. by George Kubler 623
Swastika Flies over Athens, The. Ralph Kent 251
Swifts, The. Verse. John Buxton 513
Tabouis, Genevieve: They Called Me Cassandra. Rev. by Leo Gershoy 834
Taggard, Genevieve: Western Meadow Lark. Verse 476
Tarkington, Booth: Margaret Kennedy’s Where Stands a Winged Sentry 176
Tarlé, Eugene: Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia. Rev. by George Vernadsky 817
Tate, Allen: Reason in Madness. Rev. by Herbert Muller 608
Taylor, George E.: America in the New Pacific. Rev. by H. S. Quigley 856
Tinker, Chauncey Brewster: Shelley Once More 87
— Grant Richards’s Housman, 1897-1936 832
Tomorrow’s Problems for Broadcasters. John V. L. Hogan 132
Torrence, Ridgely: Poems. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Towards a New British Democracy. Julian S. Huxley 235
Training Military Pilots. Charles H. Gale 477
Treat, Ida: Leaders of China. Book Reviews 204
Two Poems. Walter de la Mare 233
Two Poems. Virginia Esterly Dunbar 683
Two Years of the Second World War. Arnold Wolfers 142
Untermeyer, Louis: Time and These Times. Book Reviews 375
Vaillant, George C.: Aztecs of Mexico. Rev. by George Kubler 623
Van Doren, Carl: Secret History of the American Revolution. Rev. by H. H. Peckham 628
Vernadsky, George: A Review of Russian Policy 514
— Bohdan. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 424
— Eugene Tarlé’s Napoleon’s Invasion of Russia 817
Viner, Jacob: Inflation: Menace or Bogey? 684
Vitamins and Recent Biological Research. Edmund W. Sinnott 38
Walpole, Horace: Correspondence with George Montagu. Rev. by Herbert Davis 611
Wecter, Dixon: Elmer Ellis’s Mr. Dooley’s America 630
Welch, R. D.: Paul Henry Lang’s Music in Western Civilization 635
Werth, Alexander: Moscow War Diary. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 849
Westbrook, Theodric: Sonnet at Dusk 86
Westermann, William Linn: Michael I. Rostovtzeff’s The Social and Economic History of the Hellenistic World 403
Western Meadow Lark. Verse, Genevieve Taggard 476
What Is Primary Literature? Van Wyck Brooks 25
Whicher, George F.: Robert Frost’s A Witness Tree 808
White, W. L.: Nazis and People under Them. Book Reviews 614
White Heron. Verse. John Dillon Husband 116
Wilder, Thornton: After a Visit to England 217
Williams, Stanley T.: F. O. Matthiessen’s American Renaissance 200
— Poe and Whittier. Book Reviews 626
Williams, T. Harry: Lincoln and the Radicals. Rev. by J. G. Randall 640
Wilson, Edmund: The Wound and the Bow. Rev. by W. C. DeVane 384
Wilson, Hugh R.: Diplomat between Wars. Rev. by A. W. Dulles 180
Wing, Donald G.: F. W. Bateson’s The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature 208
Wolfers, Arnold: Two Years of the Second World War 142
Denis de Rougemont’s and Charlotte Muret’s The Heart of Europe 401
Women in this War. Ada L. Comstock 671
Yang, F. Y.: Resistance and Reconstruction in China 534
Young-, James R.: Behind the Rising Sun. Rev. by W. H. Chamberlin 420
Yugow, A.: Russia’s Economic Front for War and Peace. Rev. by Michael Karpovich 849
Zabriskie, George: The Mind’s Geography. Rev. by Louis Untermeyer 375
Zilboorg, Gregory: A History of Medical Psychology. Rev. by Adolf Meyer 621


History Against Psychology in the Thought of R. G. Collingwood

R. G. Collingwood is mostly remembered for his theory that historical understanding consists in re-enacting the thoughts of the historical figure whom one is studying. His first recognizable expression of this view followed from an argument about the emptiness of psychological interpretations of religion, and throughout his career Collingwood offered history as re-enactment as an alternative to psychology. Over time, his argument that the psychology of religion could not be relevant to the veracity of religious beliefs was supplanted by the argument that psychology is self-undermining because the psychologist’s procedure of attributing beliefs to blind psychic needs could apply just as easily to the psychologist him- or herself. As an alternative to what he took to be the self-defeating psychological position, Collingwood put forward the study of the development of beliefs as the motivations for actions, which led him to his views that “all history is the history of thought” and that, in order to understand an historical event, we must mentally re-enact the thoughts that stood behind it.


Emerging Theories of Care Work

Care work is done in the home as well as in markets for pay. Five theoretical frameworks have been developed to conceptualize care work the frameworks sometimes offer competing answers to the same questions, and other times address distinct questions. The “devaluation” perspective argues that care work is badly rewarded because care is associated with women, and often women of color. The “public good” framework points out that care work provides benefits far beyond those to the direct recipient and suggests that the low pay of care work is a special case of the failure of markets to reward public goods. The “prisoner of love” framework argues that the intrinsic caring motives of care workers allow employers to more easily get away with paying care workers less. Instead of seeing the emotional satisfactions of giving care as its own reward, the “commodification of emotion” framework focuses on emotional harm to workers when they have to sell services that use an intimate part of themselves. The “love and money” framework argues against dichotomous views in which markets are seen as antithetical to true care.


Page:Harvard Law Review Volume 2.djvu/31

traverse, since “that was the effect of the action, for otherwise the action could not be maintained.” [1] In the following year, [2] the language of Brian, C. J., is most explicit: “If there be an accord between you and me that you shall make me an estate of certain land, and you enfeoff another, shall I not have an action on my case? Quasi diceret sic. Et Curia cum illo. For when he undertook to make the feoffment, and conveyed to another, this is a great misfeasance.”

In the Exchequer Chamber case, and in the case following, in 1476, the purchase-money was paid at the time of the bargain. Whether the same was true of the two cases in the time of Henry VII., the reports do not disclose. It is possible, but by no means clear, that a payment contemporaneous with the promise was not at that time deemed essential. Be that as it may, if money was in fact paid for a promise to convey land, the breach of the promise by a conveyance to a stranger was certainly, as already seen, an actionable deceit by the time of Henry VII. This being so, it must, in the nature of things, be only a question of time when the breach of such a promise, by making no conveyance at all, would also be a cause of action. The mischief to the plaintiff was identical in both cases. The distinction between misfeasance and nonfeasance, in the case of promises given for money, was altogether too shadowy to be maintained. It was formally abandoned in 1504, as appears from the following extract from the opinion of Frowyk, C. J.: “And so, if I sell you ten acres of land, parcel of my manor, and then make a feoffment of my manor, you shall have an action on the case against me, because I received your money, and in that case you have no other remedy against me. And so, if I sell you my land and covenant to enfeoff you and do not, you shall have a good action on the case, and this is adjudged…. And if I covenant with a carpenter to build a house and pay him £20 for the house to be built by a certain day, now I shall have a good action on my case because of payment of money, and still it sounds only in covenant and without payment of money in this case no remedy, and still if he builds it and misbuilds, action on the case lies. And also for nonfeasance, if money paid case lies.” [3]


“Israel Isn’t Up for Grabs”: Identity under Siege

We begin the proposed analysis of the Mizrahi world of meaning by turning to Charles Taylor’s distinction between honor and dignity. In his well-known essay, “The Politics of Recognition,” Taylor (1994: 27) argues that modern identity was formed during the transition from ‘honor’ to ‘dignity’. In line with Orit Kamir (2002), 10 who has written extensively on the subject, I consider these concepts as two organizing principles for social acknowledgment and assessment of individual worth. Dignity, according to Kamir, is the modern liberal form of human value it is minimalistic and ‘thin’, yet universalistic and absolute. Dignity thus relates to the core of a person’s worth, inherent in every human being. Furthermore, because dignity is perceived as an “axiomatic human quality” (ibid.: 241), no action need be taken to acquire it. As a universal form of human worth, dignity is common to all, irrespective of religion, gender, race, age, class, or group affiliation.

As mentioned, honor preceded dignity as the organizing principle for assessing individual worth. Honor, according to Taylor (1994), is not a given. It rests on group membership and is derived from one’s position within that group. Honor can therefore be ‘estimated’, with some having more and others having less. Thus, while it is derived from social hierarchies, honor simultaneously constitutes those hierarchies. As a result, honor is inherently linked to the local worlds of meaning within which a person’s identity and social worth are formed. Given this symbiotic relationship, any harm done to one’s honor likewise threatens the integrity of the community’s collective sentiments and moral life.

Taylor (1994: 37) further argues that the transition from honor to dignity was accompanied by a “politics of universalism” that, in stressing the equal value of all citizens, waves the banner of equal rights and privileges. This form of politics—born within the framework of the modern state and its distinctive constituent, the ‘citizen’—gained a foothold in modern history as the formative logic behind the human rights discourse (see also Soysal 1994). The UN’s adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 provided the politics of universalism with its contemporary institutional and legal expression.

By seeking to establish equality among all people, the politics of universalism transcends national boundaries and levels local hierarchies. The growth of this trend is striking in view of the short history of the program, which entered the West’s moral lexicon during the 1970s (Moyn 2010). The historiography of human rights has since flowered, and the salience and geographical scale of the human rights discourse has equally expanded (Moyn 2012). Built on these foundations, the idea of dignity aspires to extend the boundaries of human empathy beyond the confines of local morality and national laws. In other words, dignity has become the organizing principle of a universal social space where moral responsibility touches socially and geographically distant Others. Hence, dignity, unlike honor, draws its validity not from the local or the particular but from the universal.

In a work co-authored with Brigitte Berger and Hansfried Kellner, the sociologist Peter Berger discusses the implications of the transition from honor to dignity for individual identity. According to Berger et al. (1973: 90), honor intrinsically (or at least significantly) links identity to “institutional roles.” In contrast, dignity frees identity from its deep connection with such roles. We can conclude that the politics of universalism, based as it is on the principle of dignity, transforms identity from a structured ‘given’ into an ongoing project, open to negotiation. As Taylor (1994: 38) explains, with the transition from honor to dignity, identity was also transformed, from an entity based on a fixed position and hierarchical order to one formed through introspection and dialogue.

What may initially appear to be an essentialist view of honor and dignity 11 or a simplistic historical account of a sweeping transition from one social state to another will be employed here as a platform from which to offer a preliminary outline of an infinitely complex reality. 12 The essentialist designation of honor and dignity as two fixed ‘cultures’, in addition to their hierarchical order as implied by modernization theories, is reconsidered here in line with the resurrection of ‘culture’ by contemporary cultural sociologists (cf. Small et al. 2010). This outline suggests that we should view honor and dignity as elements co-existing within the prevailing modernist cultural repertoire (see, e.g., Eisenstadt 2002), an approach that is compatible with trends identified with cultural sociology.

If we consider honor and dignity to be two distinctive cultural logics simultaneously present in the modern individual’s cultural toolkit (Swidler 1986, 2003), we soon become aware of the ever-imminent potential for tension and confrontation (Mizrachi et al. 2007). This line of investigation follows ‘the practice turn’ in contemporary sociology (Boltanski 2011 Schatzki et al. 2001 Silber 2003). It shifts the direction of inquiry from top-down to bottom-up while inviting a nuanced reading of the ways in which ordinary people make sense of what really matters in the world in which they live (Kleinman 2006).

As we have seen, dignity seeks to break through the local collectivity’s boundaries, which separate genders, ethnicities, and national identities, and reach out toward the universal collectivity. In doing so, dignity challenges the divisions between ‘us’ and ‘them’ as well as the hierarchies emerging from these distinctions—the very hierarchies that provide the foundations and the expression of honor. At the same time, any attempt to deepen local distinctions by reinforcing honor-based social hierarchies threatens dignity’s universalistic logic. Hence, the tension between honor and dignity is, to a considerable degree, a struggle over collective boundaries, social solidarity, and mutual responsibility. That same tension is intimately involved in the making of moral decisions. Recalling Emile Durkheim (1997), we note that human morality does not exist in isolation from the social fabric in which it is embedded. Moral confrontations involving the tension between honor and dignity would be misread if we failed to recognize the connection between the people who employ them and the social networks in which they live.

It therefore follows that the use people make of one rather than another cultural logic is neither fortuitous nor random. That use generally conforms to the other logics comprising their worlds of meaning. It is nonetheless important to understand that worlds of meaning are not abstract they are always embedded in the distinctive social networks out of which identity and ‘moral experience’ emerge (Kleinman 2006), as do feelings of belongingness and individual self-worth. 13 In other words, people’s worldviews are never divorced from the plethora of social relations that constitute the normative mantle surrounding their lives. 14 The linkage between worlds of meaning and social networks is so strong that choosing to deviate from a network’s accepted cultural repertoire can be quite traumatic. Consider the choice made by the hero of the film Billy Elliot, an English coal miner’s son, to become a ballet dancer. The same can be said about the choice made by Tony Soprano, the Italian-American head of a crime organization and hero of the television series The Sopranos, to turn to psychotherapy, during which he is forced to talk about his feelings—behavior that is considered deviant within his world.

The cultural logics of dignity and honor are thus embedded in worlds of meaning and in social networks. It is only from this embeddedness that concrete realizations of honor and dignity emerge at particular times and in particular places. We can therefore state that the worlds of meaning of some groups in Israeli society are closer to the ideal type of dignity, while others are closer to the ideal type of honor. As will be demonstrated shortly, the cultural logic of honor can shed light on the world of meaning of working-class Mizrahim. Alternatively, interpretive use of the cultural logic of dignity enables us to clarify the world of meaning of secular Ashkenazim belonging to the upper-middle class and to transnational social elites. 15 This allocation is, however, far from defining the ‘essence’ or the ‘nature’ of Mizrahim or Ashkenazim.

At this point, we return to the three snapshots presented earlier in the article and discuss each in terms of the conceptual framework just proposed. As it will soon become evident, the head-on collision between the activists and their opponents can be read as a frontal conflict stemming from contradictory views of the relationship between the individual and the collectivity, between honor and dignity.

In the first snapshot, a middle-aged woman makes a scene during a left-wing demonstration against the Second Lebanon War by dancing defiantly in a Middle Eastern style before a cameraman. She loudly encourages continuation of the war while arguing that force is the only way to confront the Arab enemy and to ensure Israel’s survival. Observation of the scene invites various interpretations of the woman’s behavior: ignorance and racism, for example, but also overt rejection of the Ashkenazi sense of propriety (see Rimon-Or 2002).

However, careful attention to the woman’s words against the background of the messages implicit in the signs’ texts and the slogans shouted by the demonstrators indicates another layer of meaning. In contrast to the boundary-crossing message that equates ‘us’ with ‘them’, that deplores the killing of children in Haifa, Beirut, and Gaza equally, the woman shouts: “The people of Israel have survived thanks to force.” Her reference to the people of Israel reveals a social world of meaning that is substantively different from the world of the left-wing demonstrators, for whom the principle of universal humanism determines the boundaries of the collectivity and reinforces the notion of moral responsibility. The meaning of the woman’s outburst lies in her preference for local solidarity and her opposition to the sweeping—and thus threatening—disruption of the boundaries of the Jewish collectivity in favor of universalistic solidarity with those perceived as the enemy. In this increasingly transparent scene, we see the political realization of the clash of alternative cultural logics.

The second snapshot concerns the opposition expressed by poor residents of south Tel Aviv to the resettlement of foreign workers and their children in their neighborhoods. Here as well we can view the residents’ actions as overt racism, or, alternatively, we can apply a critical sociological explanation. The protests of the residents, who are located at the lowest rungs of the social structure, can be understood as a response to the struggle waged between themselves and foreign workers over the same meager educational and economic resources (see Peled 1990). However, against the background of their cries of “South Tel Aviv for the Jews” and “Israel isn’t up for grabs,” the residents’ opposition can also be interpreted as a conflict between the rights of the individual and the best interests of the collectivity.

In the third snapshot, the liberal left’s opposition to the deportation of foreign workers’ children, together with its demand to grant these children legal status as permanent residents, can be read as an attempt to weaken the threshold of membership in the collectivity. Viewed in terms of the conceptual framework presented here, neither racism nor competition over resources can adequately account for the opposition of the residents. In this instance as well, we must consider the threatened rupture of the collectivity’s boundaries to be a more effective explanation for the intense opposition observed. As the next example will show, south Tel Aviv’s residents are not lacking in personal empathy for foreign workers, nor can we accuse them of outright racism. Furthermore, opposition to foreign workers is not solely the province of the lower classes it is common to all groups, including the middle and upper classes.

The refusal of south Tel Aviv’s residents to translate their personal empathy for foreign workers and their children into the politics of universalism is illustrated in an interchange that took place during a demonstration organized by residents of the poverty-stricken and predominantly Mizrahi Hatikva neighborhood, who were calling for the return of illegal foreign workers to their home countries (Mizrachi 2011). In response to a reporter’s question, a local woman stated: “Why do they bother me? They’re good people. I’m not saying otherwise. They bother me because I don’t want that kind of assimilation. We are the Jewish people … What, am I [living in the] land of Jews or in Russia, Africa, or the Sudan?” The woman’s recognition of the immigrants’ humanity—even of their personal qualities—next to her refusal to accept them as equal members in the Israeli collectivity mirrors the duality caught in the activists’ remarks discussed earlier. As one activist stated with astonishment, empathy for Palestinian workers was accompanied by unflinching support for right-wing parties. Hence, what may appear as an inexplicable incompatibility between personal empathy and political hawkishness by members of human rights NGOs is viewed as a recurring and, most importantly, coherent phenomenon by those outside the liberal garden.

This last event concerns the Mizrahi opposition to the tent city protests of 2011, described in the third snapshot above. At first glance, one might have anticipated that support for the protests against the high cost of living and the inadequate availability of social rights for all citizens would have spread like wildfire among Israel’s disenfranchised groups, including the Mizrahi working class. This support did not materialize. We can therefore look on this outcome as a prime illustration of the paradoxical situation in which a disadvantaged group acts contrarily to its ‘true interests’. The activists’ cutting remarks addressed to the hecklers (“This isn’t a soccer game” and “Go back to the zoo”) can be regarded as somewhat typical expressions of the Ashkenazi left’s rejection of the Mizrahim and thus the reason for the latter’s refusal to act in their own best interests (Swirski 1988).

My proposed interpretation of the event is not meant to invalidate the critical sociological explanations previously referred to. It is difficult to counter the contention that the Ashkenazi left’s rejection of the Mizrahim affected the latter’s opposition to the tent protests. Yet it might also be worth viewing this opposition as an autonomous stance, rooted in a world of meaning that gives precedence to identity, solidarity, and a sense of belonging in the face of liberal values such as social justice and equal opportunities. Our return to the moment in which the opposition exploded lays bare once more the threat that the politics of universalism poses to particularistic Jewish identity.

The crucial moment at which the confrontation exploded in full force occurred when an Arab speaker reached the podium. The attempt to cross the boundary of national identity by establishing Jewish-Arab solidarity (“Arabs and Jews refuse to be enemies”) ignited the fire. Until then, the 2011 tent city protests had managed to stay within the national-particularistic boundaries of Israeli-Jewish society, indicated by its leaders’ characterization of their campaign as a ‘non-political’ event. Infringement of the Jewish boundary during the incident in question instigated the response depicted, one that closely resembles heckling at left-wing demonstrations. The extremely offensive and defiant insult shouted by the hecklers’ leader (“Hitler didn’t kill enough of you”) indicates, by its intensity, the depth of the threat posed by the protest’s infringement of collective boundaries. His words can be interpreted as enraged moralizing, directed at the Ashkenazim. Paradoxically, the Ashkenazim—the group most clearly identified with the state, its symbols, and its formative message, “From Holocaust to Rebirth”—are perceived as endangering the Jewish collectivity’s boundaries. And so, it is the Mizrahi heckler, whose personal and familial biography lacks any memory of the Holocaust, who vociferously defends the state against the ‘destruction’ instigated by its founders’ children and grandchildren.

As stated, the 2011 tent city protests that so powerfully directed public attention to the issues of social justice and inequality stayed, for the most part, within the agreed-upon boundaries of the Jewish collectivity. Similarly, the demographic boundaries of the left-wing camp, like the coalitional structure of power, have also remained intact. This case, therefore, exposes us to an additional aspect of the paradox opening this article—the fact that inequality appears to be of less importance to working-class Mizrahim, irrespective of any overt threat of the politics of universalism, than activists and critical sociology may presume. The Mizrahim’s opposition to equality, like their opposition to human rights, deserves an in-depth critical inquiry that goes beyond the liberal garden. But that must be delayed for the moment.


Review: Volume 31 - History

From Rebel to Ruler: One Hundred Years of the Chinese Communist Party

The Party and the People: Chinese Politics in the 21st Century

The Chinese Communist Party: A Century in Ten Lives

edited by Timothy Cheek, Klaus Mühlhahn, and Hans van der Ven

How the Red Sun Rose: The Origin and Development of the Yan’an Rectification Movement, 1930–45

by Gao Hua, translated from the Chinese by Stacy Mosher and Guo Jian

I Burn Time

The Triumph of Mutabilitie

Edmund Spenser and the Eighteenth-Century Book

Forging an Early Black Politics

Until Justice Be Done: America’s First Civil Rights Movement, from the Revolution to Reconstruction

The First Reconstruction: Black Politics in America from the Revolution to the Civil War

Dostoevsky and His Demons

Fyodor Dostoevsky: A Life in Letters, Memoirs, and Criticism: Volume 1: In the Beginning, 1821–1845

Fyodor Dostoevsky: A Life in Letters, Memoirs, and Criticism: Volume 2: The Gathering Storm, 1846–1847

Dostoevsky in Love: An Intimate Life

by Joseph Frank, edited by Marina Brodskaya and Marguerite Frank

India’s Streaming Auteurs

The Broken Promise of Retirement

Detroit Resurrected: To Bankruptcy and Back

Rescuing Retirement: A Plan to Guarantee Retirement Security for All Americans

by Teresa Ghilarducci and Tony James, with a foreword by Timothy Geithner

American Bonds: How Credit Markets Shaped a Nation

Downhill from Here: Retirement Insecurity in the Age of Inequality

Blue Bloods and Brownshirts

Nazis and Nobles: The History of a Misalliance

by Stephan Malinowski, translated from the German by Jon Andrews

In Her Own Voice

Conversations with Lorraine Hansberry

All Things Great and Small

Neutron Stars: The Quest to Understand the Zombies of the Cosmos

The End of Everything (Astrophysically Speaking)

Fundamentals: Ten Keys to Reality

Imperial Delusions

Time’s Monster: How History Makes History

Neither Settler nor Native: The Making and Unmaking of Permanent Minorities

Worldmaking after Empire: The Rise and Fall of Self-Determination


European Business Review

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Contents

Founded in 1895, The American Historical Review was a joint effort between the history department at Cornell University and at Harvard University, modeled on The English Historical Review and the French Revue historique, [4] "for the promotion of historical studies, the collection and preservation of historical documents and artifacts, and the dissemination of historical research."

The journal is published in February, April, June, October and December as a book-like academic publication with research papers and book reviews, among other items (each issue typically runs to about 400 pages). Each year, approximately 25 articles are published in the journal. The acceptance rate for submissions is around 9 percent. The journal also publishes approximately 1,000 book reviews per year. [5]

The editorial offices are located at Indiana University Bloomington, where a small staff produces the publication under the guidance of a 12-member advisory board. From the October 2007 issue until 2011, the journal was published by the University of Chicago Press. As of 2012, the journal has been Oxford University Press. [6]

The editorial board of the AHR is composed of scholars in a number of fields and subfields, including medieval and early modern Europe, western and eastern Europe and Russia, East and South Asia, Latin America, early and modern US, Middle East, and methods and theory. [7]


Contents

Initially, the Quarterly was set up primarily to counter the influence on public opinion of the Edinburgh Review. Its first editor, William Gifford, was appointed by George Canning, at the time Foreign Secretary, later Prime Minister.

Early contributors included the Secretaries of the Admiralty John Wilson Croker and Sir John Barrow, the Poet Laureate Robert Southey, the poet-novelist Sir Walter Scott, the Italian exile Ugo Foscolo, the Gothic novelist Charles Robert Maturin, and the essayist Charles Lamb.

Under Gifford, the journal took the Canningite liberal-conservative position on matters of domestic and foreign policy, if only inconsistently. [3] It opposed major political reforms, but it supported the gradual abolition of slavery, moderate law reform, humanitarian treatment of criminals and the insane, and the liberalizing of trade. In a series of brilliant articles in its pages, Southey advocated a progressive philosophy of social reform. Because two of his key writers, Scott and Southey, were opposed to Catholic emancipation, Gifford did not permit the journal to take a clear position on that issue.

Reflecting divisions in the Conservative party itself, under its third editor, John Gibson Lockhart, the Quarterly became less consistent in its political philosophy. While Croker continued to represent the Canningites and Peelites, the party's liberal wing, it also found a place for the more extremely conservative views of Lords Eldon and Wellington.

During its early years, reviews of new works were sometimes remarkably long. That of Henry Koster's Travels in Brazil (1816) ran to forty-three pages. [4]

Typical of early nineteenth-century journals, reviewing in the Quarterly was highly politicized and on occasion excessively dismissive. Writers and publishers known for their Unitarian or radical views were among the early journal's main targets. Prominent victims of scathing reviews included the Irish novelist Lady Morgan (Sydney Owenson), the English poet and essayist Walter Savage Landor, the English novelist Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley and her husband the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley.

In an 1817 article, John Wilson Croker attacked John Keats in a review of Endymion for his association with Leigh Hunt and the so-called Cockney School of poetry. Shelley blamed Croker's article for bringing about the death of the seriously ill poet, 'snuffed out', in Byron's ironic phrase, 'by an article'.

In 1816, Sir Walter Scott reviewed his own, but anonymously published, Tales of My Landlord, partly to deflect suspicion that he was the author he proved one of the book's harshest critics. Scott was also the author of a favourable review of Jane Austen's Emma.


Asian Development Review: Volume 31, Number 2

This issue covers the trade implications of the Trans-Pacific Partnership on Asian countries, global production sharing and wage premiums in Thai manufacturing, and the trade-off between development and security spending in Afghanistan.

Other topics discussed include policy divergence in the context of the trilemma and its effect on the probability of crises, wage differentials, and worker quality in Malaysian manufacturing productivity spillovers from foreign direct investment in the People's Republic of China (PRC), and the determinants and effects on firms of outward direct investment from the PRC.



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