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San Jacinto I ScFr - History

San Jacinto I ScFr - History

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San Jacinto I

(ScFr.: t. 1,567; 1. 234'0"; b. 37'9"; dph. 23'3"; dr.16'6"; s. 8 k.; cpl. 278; a. 2 8", 4 32-pdrs.)

The first San Jacinto, one of the Navy's early screw warships, was laid down by the New York Navy Yard in August 1847; launched on 16 April 1850; sponsored by Comdr. Charles H. Bell, Executive Officer of the New York Navy Yard.

No record of San Jacinto's commissioning ceremony hats been found, but her first commanding officer, Capt. Thomas Crabbe, reported on board on 18 November 1851 The earliest page of the ship's log which has survived is dated 26 February 1852, but San Jacinto's service began earlier. Some evidence suggests that the frigate got under way for test runs late in 1851.

Built as an experimental ship to test new propulsion concepts, the screw frigate was plagued by balky engines and unreliable machinery throughout her career. Yet, San Jacinto crowded her record with interesting and valuable service.

The steamer sailed from New York on New Year's Day, 1852, and headed for Norfolk on a trial voyage to test her seaworthiness and machinery before heading across the Atlantic for service in the Mediterranean. She encountered heavy weather during the passage to Hampton Roads, and one of her engines was disabled. After repairs at the Norfolk Navy Yard, the frigate finally passed between the Virginia capes on 3 March and headed for Cadiz, Spain. However, chronic engine prriblems hampered the ship during her operations in European waters, and she returned to Philadelphia on 5 July 1853. She was decommissioned there on the 13th for installation of new machinery.

Four days after recommissioning on 5 August 1854, Sau Jacinto sailed eastward to try her new engines. Following repairs at Southampton, England, she resumed her cruise in European waters.

In the spring of 1855, San Jacinto was briefly attached to the Home Squadron and served in the West Indies as flagship for Commodore Charles S. McCauley to bolster American naval strength in the Caribbean after Spanish frigate, Ferrolana, had fired upon United States mail steamer, El Dorado, off the coast of Caba. When no further cause of friction between the two countries developed, San Jacinto returned home and decommissioned at New York on 21 June 1855 for repairs.

Recommissioned on 4 October 1855, the screw frigate, now commanded by Capt. Harry H. Bell, departed New York on the 25th and headed for the Far East as flagship of Commodore James Armstrong. After proceeding via Madeira, the Cape of Good Hope, Mauritius, and Ceylon, the ship arrived at Fenang in the Strait of Malacca on 22 March 1856.

There, Townsend Harris, the recently appointed Consul General to Japan, embarked on 2 April, and the ship got underway that morning for Siam. After a four-day stop at Singapore, where Commodore Armstrong relieved Commodore Joel Abbot in command of the East India Squadron, the frigate reached the bar off the mouth of the Me Nam (now the Chao Phraya) River on the 13th. A few days later, Harris ascended the Me Nam to Bangkok where he negotiated a treaty establishing diplomatic and eommereial relations between the United States and Siam. The King of Siam at the time was Mongkut, the whimsical but likable despot later immortalized by the Rodgers and Hammerstein musical comedy, "The King and I."

After succeeding in this delicate diplomatic mission Harris returned on the morning of 1 June to San Jaeinto, which awaited him at the mouth of the Me Nam; and the frigate departed Siam to carry Harris to his new post in Japan.

However, after a bare half hour of steaming, her old hobgoblin, engine trouble, reappeared and plagued the ship throughout her painfully slow passage to Hong Kong, which she finally reached on the 13th. There major repairs interrupted the voyage for almost two months.

San Jacinto finally got underway again on 12 August. While proceeding by the Peseadores toward Formosa, she assisted several junks recently disabled by a violent typhoon which had devastated much of the coast of China. The ship at long last reached Shimoda Japan, on 21 August and remained there while Harris was skillfully negotiating with Japanese officials concerning the establishment of his consulate—the first official foreign diplomatic office to be permitted on Japanese soil. During his subsequent service as Consul General, Harris, by tact and tenacity, persuaded the Japanese government to sign a broad treaty which opened the country to commerce and brought the nation into the modern world.

On 4 September 1856, after a party from the ship had erected a flagpole in front of the new consulate and had helped Harris to raise the Stars and Stripes there for the first time, San Jacinto weighed anchor and headed for Shanghai.

China was then in the throes of a terrible civil war. Lawlessness was rampant, and pirates threatened everyone afloat and ashore—both Chinese and foreign. During this troubled time, the East India Squadron of the United States Navy, which Armstrong directed from San Jacinto, labored to restore stability and peace In the area.

Early in Octoher 1856, mounting hostility toward foreigners in China erupted into the Second Opium War. Later that month, word of the fighting between British and Chinese forces at Canton reached Commodore Armstong at Shanghai, and he proceeded in San Jacinto to the scene of the conflict. When he reached the Pearl River, he learned that Comdr. Andrew H. Foote, in response to a request for help from the United States consul at Canton, had landed a force of 150 men at Whampoa to protect American lives and property.

Armstrong approved of Foote's action and reinforced the shore party with a detachment from San Jacinto. A few days later, after receiving assurances from Chinese officials, the Commodore decided to withdraw the American force.

However, on 15 November, while Foote was passing the barrier forts in a small boat during preparations for reembarkation, Chinese guns fired upon him four or five times. The next day, Portsmouth closed the nearest fort and opened fire, beginning a vigorous engagement which continued until the Chinese batteries were silenced some two hours later. Meanwhile, efforts were begun to settle the matter by diplomatic means. Nevertheless, four days later, after receiving a report that the Chinese were strengthening their works, Armstrong again ordered his ships to open fire. They bombarded the two nearest forts until the enemy fire slackened. Then Foote led about 300 men ashore, took the first fort, and used the 53 guns captured there to silence hostile batteries in the next fort. The bluejackets and marines ashore subsequently beat off an attack by 3,000 Chinese soldiers from Canton. In the following two days, they first silenced and then took the three remaining forts. In all, they seized and spiked 176 cannon. Before the American ships departed Canton, their men had destroyed these riverside strongholds. During the fighting, negotiations with Chinese officials continued and resulted in the recognition of the rights of the United States as a neutral power.

Thereafter, San Jacinto served in Chinese ports for more than a year, principally at Hong Kong and Shanghai. After protecting American interests in the troubled waters of the Far East into 1858, the veteran steam frigate returned home on 4 August and decommissioned two days later.

Over ten months in ordinary followed before San Jacinto was recommissioned on 6 July 1859, for service in the Africa Squadron to help suppress the slave trade. The following spring, 1860, she proceeded to Cadiz, Spain, for repairs. After returning to the west coast of Africa, she captured brig, Storm King, on 8 August 1860, off the mouth of the Congo River. A prize crew fron' the steam frigate sailed the captured slaver to Monrovia and turned 616 freed negroes over to the United States agent there before proceeding to Norfolk with the prize.

On 27 August 1861, shortly before San Jacinto sailed for home, Capt. Charles Wilkes assumed command of the ship. En route back to the United States for service in the Union Navy during the Civil War, the warship searched for Confederate cruiser, Sumter which, under Capt. Raphael Semmes, CSN, was then preying upon Union shipping in the Atlantic. She visited the Windward Passage, Jamaica, Grand Cayman, and Boca Grande while seeking the Southern commerce raider. When the ship touched at Cienfuegos Cuba, for coal, Wilkes learned that James Mason and John Slidell, former United States senators and now Confederate envoys to England and France, had escaped from Charleston, S.C., on 12 October in the speedy coastal packet, Theodora, and were at Havana awaiting transportation to Europe.

Wilkes raced around the island to Havana, bent on intercepting Theodora on the blockade runner's return trip but arrived on the last day of the month, one day after his quarry had departed.

However, he learned that the Southern diplomats were still at Havana and intended to sail for St. Thomas a week later in English mail packet, Trent. They planned to board a British liner there to complete their journey to London.

Wilkes proceeded in San Jacinto to a narrow part of the Old Bahama Channel, some 230 miles east of Havana, and waited there to waylay Trent. On 8 November, two shots across the mail packet's bow persuaded her master to heave to. A boarding party from San Jacinto seized the Confederate diplomats and their secretaries and then permitted the packet to resume her voyage. A week later, when San Jacinto reached Norfolk with the prisoners, the exultant North hailed the news as a great Union triumph, but the incident strained IJnited States relations with England almost to the breaking point.

Secretary of the Navy Welles ordered Wilkes to take the prisoners to Boston in San Jacinto. They were held in Fort Warren until quietly released on New Year's Day, 1862, and taken to Provincetown, Mass., to board HMS Rinaldo for passage to London. The diplomatic crisis then subsided.

San Jacinto was decommissioned on 30 November 1861 for overhaul at the Boston Navy Yard and was prepared for service as flagship of the Gulf Blockading Squadron. Recommissioned on 1 March 1862, the steamer departed Boston for Hampton Roads on the 9th, the day of the epic battle between Monitor and Virginia, the former Merrimack. San Jacinto reached the Virginia capes on the 15th and remained in the area temporarily assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron to bolster Union naval forces in Hampton Roads lest Virginia return to that strategic waterway and threaten General McClellan's army which was then pushing up the peninsula between the James and York rivers toward Richmond.

On 11 April 1862, Virginia rounded Sewell's Point and entered Hampton Roads. Under the ironclad's prbsection, CSS Jamestown and CSS Raleigh approached the Hampton shore and captured three small Union Army transports. However, no major engagement developed; and the Confederate ships retired upstream late in the afternoon.

On 5 May, President Lincoln arrived in Hampton Roads on board steamer, Miami, to take personal charge of the stalled Peninsular Campaign; and, for the next five days, acted as Commander in Chief in the field. At his orders three days later, San Jacinto joined other Union warships in bombarding Sewell's Point.

Events moved fast thereafter. Confederate troops withdrew from Norfolk and Suffolk and set fire to the Navy Yard at Portsmouth. San Jacinto helped to provide naval support as Northern troops occupied the evacuated area. In the early hours of 11 May, Virg~nia's crew set the dreaded Southern ironclad ablaze and she blew up before dawn.

With the end of the principal Confederate naval threat to Union forces on the peninsula and its surrounding water, San Jacinto was free to resume her voyage south. She departed Hampton Roads on the 23d, carrying Flag Officer James L. Lardner, and reached Key West, Fla., on 1 June. Three days later Lardner relieved Flag Officer McKean in command of the East Gulf Blockading Squadron, and San Jacinto became the squadron flagship.

However, the ship's tour of duty as flagship was cut short. On 1 August, Lardner reported that yellow fever had broken out on the ship, and, the next day she sailed north. She arrived at the quarantine area off Deer Island, near Boston, on the 9th.

The health of her crew restored, San Jacinto, assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron departed Boston on 15 October and, four days later joined the blockade off Wilmington, N.C. However, as she was taking station in the blockade, orders left Washington for the ship to proceed immediately to Hampton Roads, fill her bunkers with coal, and steam at top speed to the coast of Nova Scotia in search of Confederate cruiser, A labama, with which the elusive Semmes had struck a series of rapid blows against American shipping and fishing and caused Northern merchants to clamor for protection.

San Jacinto got under way on the 22d and reached Hampton Roads on the morning of the 24th. While she was preparing for sea, reports reached Washington indicating that Alabama might have altered her course. Accordingly, when San Jacinto sailed on the morning of the 26th, she headed via Bermuda to the West Indies. In the weeks that followed, the frigate and Alabama played hide-and-seek in the Caribbean. On the morning of 19 November, the Federal warship finally caught up with Semmes when she reached Fort Royal, Martinique. Alabama had anchored there the previous morning and was enjoying sanctuary in the neutral port. San Jacinto waited at the entrance to the harbor just outside the three-mile limit required by international law, but Alabama slipped by her to comparative safety at sea during the ensuing dark and rainy night. As neither ship saw the other during the escape, San Jacinto remained at Fort Royal until certain that Alabama was not hiding in some secluded spot within the bay, but had indeed escaped. On the 21st, San Jacinto got under way and searched for her slippery adversary until arriving at Key West on 15 January 1863.

There she was attached to the East Gulf Blockading Squadron as flagship. However, soon after she began this duty, word reached Key West that CSS Florida had escaped through the blockade from Mobile and was at Havana. On 22 January, Rear Admiral Bailey ordered San Jacinto to sail for Cuba and blockade the Confederate cruiser if she were in port or to chase and capture or destroy her if the commerce raider had departed. The Union frigate quickly put to sea but found little trace of Florida. She broke her shaft on 30 January; sailed north on 4 February, and reached the New York Navy Yard on the 16th for repairs.

Again ready for action, San Jacinto departed New York on 24 June and returned to Key West on 1 July. She celebrated Independence Day by becoming Rear Admiral Bailey's flagship, and she performed that duty until relieved by Dale on 5 September.

The ship then took up blockade duty off Mobile, Ala. On the afternoon of the 11th, her masthead lookout reported "black smoke bearing about south," and San Jacinto set out in pursuit of the steamer. During the chase, the lookout spotted blockade runner, Fox aground and burning. About dusk, San Jacinto changed course for Mobile, hoping to intercept the fleeing vessel if she attempted to dash into that port. This strategy proved sound for, early the next morning the Union steam frigate found that her quarry was again within sight, and the chase began again. Near the Chandeleur Islands, San Jacinto anchored in shoal water and sent her first cutter after the steamer. That evening shortly before twilight, the blockade runner—which happened to bear the name of the frigate's old adversary, Alabama—ran ashore and was abandoned. Before San Jacinto's cutter could reach the prize, Union blockader, Eugenie, arrived upon the scene and took possession of the blockade runner.

On the 16th, San Jacinto captured steamer, Lizzie Davis, after a two-hour chase. This blockade runner had departed from Havana laden with lead and was endeavoring to dash into Mobile. On 6 October, San Jacinto was within signal distance when United States Schooner, Beauregard, took possession of Last Trial after heavy weather had forced that Southern sloop to seek shelter near Key West. On 16 December, Ariel, a tender to San Jacinto, captured Confederate sloop, Magnolia; and, on the 24th, schooner, Fox, another of Sar Jacinto's tenders, took British schooner, Edward trying to carry salt and lead from Havana to the Suwanee River. On the morning of 7 January 1864, San Jacinto overtook schooner, Roebuck, after a twohour chase, and deprived the Confederacy of a general cargo including much clothing and lead. In another twohour chase on 11 March, San Jacinto ran an unnamed schooner (formerly called Lealtad) aground. She then took possession of this prize which was laden with cotton and turpentine for export.

Yellow fever again struck the veteran warship the following summer; and San Jacinto—carrying Rear Admiral Bailey, now dangerously ill with the disease— departed Key West on 7 August and sailed north hoping for a quick restoration of the erew to good health. She reached the quarantine area at New York Harbor on the 13th; but, the next day was ordered to fill up with coal and set out in pursuit of Confederate cruiser, Tallahassee. The ship sailed on the 19th and raced as far north as Halifax, Nova Scotia, without finding the Southern commerce raider.

After the ship put in at Portsmouth, N.H., she received long overdue repairs. She returned to Key West on 3 December and resumed her role as squadron flagship a week later. Toward the end of the month she was relieved of this duty and sailed for the Bahamas. On New Year's Day, 1865, the ship struck a reef near Great Abaco Island and filled with water. Her guns, along with some equipment and provisions, were

saved; but efforts to salvage the ship were unsuccessful. The ship's hulk was sold at Nassau, New Providcnce, on 17 May 1871.

San Jacinto, California

San Jacinto (San-Ya’sinto, or San-Huh’sinto [7] ) is a city in Riverside County, California. It was named after Saint Hyacinth and is located at the north end of the San Jacinto Valley, with Hemet to its south and Beaumont, California, to its north. The mountains associated with the valley are the San Jacinto Mountains. The population was 44,199 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1870 and incorporated on April 20, 1888, [1] making it one of the oldest cities in Riverside County.

The city is home to Mt. San Jacinto College, a community college founded in 1965. [8] San Jacinto will also be home to the eastern end of the Mid County Parkway, a planned route that would eventually connect it to the city of Perris. In the late 19th century and early 20th century, the city became a home to many dairies, and a center for agriculture.

San Jacinto also is home to the Soboba Casino, a gaming casino owned and operated by the Soboba Band of Luiseño Indians. The Sobobas are sovereign and self-sufficient in community affairs. They operate an Indian tribal school, the Noli Academy.

History (HIST)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, and intellectual history of the United States from the pre-Columbian era to the Civil War/Reconstruction period. United States History I includes the study of pre-Columbian, colonial, revolutionary, early national, slavery and sectionalism, and the Civil War/Reconstruction eras. Themes that may be addressed in United States History I include: American settlement and diversity, American culture, religion, civil, and human rights, technological change, economic change, immigration and migration, and creation of the federal government.

HIST 1302 United States History II 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, and intellectual history of the United States from the Civil War/Reconstruction era to the present. United States History II examines industrialization, immigration, world wars, the Great Depression, Cold War and post-Cold War eras. Themes that may be addressed in United States History II include: American culture, religion, civil and human rights, technological change, economic change, immigration and migration, urbanization and suburbanization, the expansion of the federal government, and the study of U.S. foreign policy.

HIST 2301 Texas History 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, and intellectual history of Texas from the pre-Columbian era to the present. Themes that may be addressed in Texas History include: Spanish colonization and Spanish Texas Mexican Texas the Republic of Texas statehood and secession oil, industrialization, and urbanization civil rights and modern Texas.

HIST 2311 Western Civilization I 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, religious, and intellectual history of Europe and the Mediterranean world from human origins to the 17th century. Themes that should be addressed in Western Civilization I include the cultural legacies of Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome, Byzantium, Islamic civilizations, and Europe through the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Reformations.

HIST 2312 Western Civilization II 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, religious, and intellectual history of Europe and the Mediterranean world from the 17th century to the modern era. Themes that should be addressed in Western Civilization II include absolutism and constitutionalism, growth of nation states, the Enlightenment, revolutions, classical liberalism, industrialization, imperialism, global conflict, the Cold War, and globalism.

HIST 2321 World Civilization I 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, religious and intellectual history of the world from the emergence of human cultures through the 15th century. The course examines major cultural regions of the world in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania and their global interactions over time. Themes include the emergence of early societies, the rise of civilizations, the development of political and legal systems, religion and philosophy, economic systems and trans-regional networks of exchange. The course emphasizes the development, interaction and impact of global exchange.

HIST 2322 World Civilization II 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, religious, and intellectual history of the world from the 15th century to the present. The course examines major cultural regions of the world in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania and their global interactions over time. Themes include maritime exploration and transoceanic empires, national/state formation and industrialization, imperialism, global conflicts and resolutions and the global economic integration. The course emphasizes the development, interaction and impact of global exchange.

HIST 2327 Mexican American History I 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This is a survey of the economic, social, political, intellectual, and cultural history of Mexican Americans/Chicano/a. Periods include early indigenous societies, conflict and conquest, early European colonization and empires, New Spain, early revolutionary period, Mexican independence and nation building, United States expansion to the United States-Mexico War Era. Themes to be addressed are mestizaje and racial formation in the early empire, rise and fall of native and African slavery, relationship to early global economies, development of New Spain’s/Mexico’s northern frontier, gender and power, missions, resistance and rebellion, emergence of Mexican identities, California mission secularization, Texas independence, United States’ wars with Mexico, and the making of borders and borderlands. (May be applied to U.S. History requirement.)

HIST 2328 Mexican American History II 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

A survey of the economic, social, political, intellectual, and cultural history of Mexican Americans/Chicano/a. Periods include the United States-Mexico War Era, incorporation of Northern Mexico into the United States, Porfirian Mexico, and the nineteenth century American West, 1910 Mexican Revolution and Progressive Era, the Great Depression and New Deal, World War II and the Cold War, Civil Rights Era, Conservative Ascendancy, the age of NAFTA and turn of the 21st Century developments. Themes to be addressed are the making of borders and borderlands, impact of Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, gender and power, migration and national identities, citizenship and expulsion, nineteenth century activism and displacement, industrialization and the making of a transnational Mexican working class, urbanization and community formation, emergence of a Mexican American Generation, war and citizenship, organized advocacy and activism, Chicano Movement, changing identifications and identities, trade and terrorism. (May be applied to U.S. History requirement.)

HIST 2381 African American History I 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This course is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, and intellectual history of people of African descent in the formation and development of the United States to the Civil War/Reconstruction period. African American History I includes the study of African origins and legacy, the trans-Atlantic slave trade, and the experiences of African Americans during Colonial, Revolutionary, Early National, Antebellum, and the Civil War/Reconstruction eras. This course will enable students to understand African American history as an integral part of U.S. history. (May be applied to the U.S. History requirement.)

HIST 2382 African American History II 3 Credits (3 Lec, 0 Lab)

This course is a survey of the social, political, economic, cultural, and intellectual history of people of African descent in the United States from the Civil War/Reconstruction period to the present. African American History II examines segregation, disenfranchisement, civil rights, migrations, industrialization, world wars, the Harlem Renaissance, and the conditions of African Americans in the Great Depression, Cold War, and post-Cold War eras. This course will enable students to understand African American history as an integral part of U.S. history. (May be applied to the U.S. History requirement.)

HIST 2389 Academic Cooperative 3 Credits (1 Lec, 8 Lab)

This is an instructional program designed to integrate on-campus study with practical hands-on experience in history. In conjunction with class seminars, the individual student will set specific goals and objectives in the study of human social behavior and/or social institutions.

June 18, 2021

Allison , Lilly and Mommy G, Spring

We loved learning about the Battle of San Jacinto. Mommy was sad at some of the interior of the museum that needs repairing, but overall a good time.

a wonderful monument with an incredibly inspiring history. so proud to be a Texan :)))

Tatiana Haddad , Houston, Texas

A wonderful monument with a rich history behind it. Definitely recommend it for anyone, a truly beautiful and inspiring story.

Michael , Lindsey Barrett and Abigale May, Venus, Texas

To tread where the greats before us battled and laid down their life is a great honor. It was a great learning experience for our kids.

Nathaius Smith , Indianaoplis

Lou C. Perez , New York City

Truly enjoyed learning about Texas rich history.

Born+raised Houstonian w Viet parents, I?Tm blessed to call Texas home. This star reminded me to follow Baby Jesus! God bless Texas+USA+earth forever!

I was learning about this in school . So interesting, makes me feel Texas Proud

Ricardo Rodriguez jr , Baytown

There's a lot to know about the Texas history i enjoy it

Elena Huerta-Olivarez , San Antonio, Tx

I absolutely loved visiting with my family this past weekend. Rich in history.

Frank W Rogers , Dryden, Virginia

Up until 1970 (I was 12), we lived in Houston. I remember coming here several times. Loved going to places like this. Always wanted to return to it.

Julie and Marc Phillips , Manvel, Texas

Amazing experience and must see for all who visit!

Terri Lynn Turner , Concord, California

I'm Amasa Turner's 6 th granddaughter

jennifer wycoff , league city

The price to enter now is complete___.

Thank you for the detailed exhibit! I loved looking at all the old papers.

Kristin Luckey , Harlingen Texas

My GGG Grandfathter was William McCoy, a calvaryman who fought in the battle and friend of Sam Houston. He was said to of lit the ferry on fire.

Fabulous museum. I learned a great deal!

Richard Dukes , Houston, TX

My GGGG Grandfather was Thomas Jefferson Rusk, Secretary of War for Sam Houston and fought at Battle of San Jacinto. Can?Tt wait to visit.

Craig S Powell , Brownwood, Texas

My Great Great Grandfather John W. McHorse served under Captain Hayden Arnold at San Jacinto. Survived the battle and rests in the State Cemetery.

Kathy (Cooper) Richart , Kosmos, WA

Wm. Harrison Magill is my third great-grandfather. My daughters and I hope to visit the museum one day. Thank you for keeping history alive.

Lori Killian , Dallas, Texas

My 4th great grandfather is James Harrison Evetts. what a find!

Cindy Churtz , Channelview, Texas

Love the Monument and all the history. How lucky was I as a kid to be able to walk out our front door to see the monument standing there. Awesome!

Martin E. Reid , Houston Tex.

I want to bring a group of senior citizens to take the boat tour.

William Groves Levi , Texas

I know a fact about San Jocinto monument and that fact is 567 feet tall

Great museum, love it! pawel-kozlowski.pl

Joshua Aaron Alba , Houston

My cousin Juan Seguin and his 9th company of Tejano volunteers under Sherman's advance helped win independence here.

Robin French Jones , Houston

My 3x great Grandfather and Uncle were there and are on the monument James and Valentine Burch

I am really looking for visiting next month. My wife from California is excited to see our past history. Can you advise of any re-enactments durin

Brandon Alford , HOUSTON, TX

I love Texas! Remember the Alamo! Remember Goliad!

Great place to remember those who made Texas possible.

Visiting your country and really looking forward to my visit - Really enjoyed your website - Thank You Joan

Lola M Whitmire Blumer , Cleveland, Texas

My my great-grandfather James Wesley Howard fought at the Battle of San Jacinto April 1836

jerry w barnett , fairhope, al.

Native Texan, returning (after 60 yrs.) on the 06 17 2017 to see the rest of our history. Originally from S.A..

Gayle Smith , Goldthwaite, Texas

Willis Avery served at San Jacinto. He was my 3rd great grandfather. So interesting to be in the same place where Willis and others served our Texas

Rev. Michael K. Graves , Kenefick and originally West Orange,

Great Grandfather was Thomas A. Graves. He served at San Jacinto. Great Uncle Ransome O. Graves was murdered at Goliad. Both were Texas Rangers.

Robert Grant , Fredericton, NB, Canada

This place is an absolute BLAST!

Donald L. Mercer , 13 States and 100 residences

Three of my ancestors fought and died at this battle. I saw their names on the monument in April 1991. Abram, Eli and one more Mercer are listed!

OMG I like totally love it!!

Suesly Ram , Madison, Wisconsin

Very nice website good job webmaster!!

Hunter Glass , Wichita Falls, TX

I enjoyed going back to the road on the ferry

Congratultions very nice websites

Awesome place to check out,love Texas history

Lauren Lehmann , La Grange, TX

I loved the online exhibit about the development of railways around Texas. It is very interesting!

I love Texas! I also loved the video.

Michael Tucker , Winter Springs, Florida

Such a wonderful monument to the heroes of the State of Texas. Every American should be aware of the history of San Jacinto. I

I love visiting and showing my son's our history,but I was very angry at the fact that the Confederate Flag was removed, no one had an explanation to

Lindsay Allen , Mesquite TX

Robin Cole-Jett , Highland Village, TX

Wonderful images selected for the on-line exhibit on Texas railroads! I highly enjoyed it. Thank you!

Ronald Varner , Waco Texas

My Great-Grand Father, Charles C. Stibbens. I may now live in California, but my heart is still at "home".

I live near the battleground, have been visiting the battleground for years. Always enjoy walking around the battleground and viewing the history.

Michael Tucker , Winter Springs

Had the pleasure of visiting the monument and museum this past March, 2016. I missed out on it the year before because I had never heard of it before

Can't wait to visit the San Jacinto Museum! This website is a great resource! Thanks, Mike

Going there soon I hope it's gonna be great

i visited the museum once and i loved it can wait to see it again

my Great Uncle Willis Avery, Great Uncle William McCutcheon served in the battle of San Jaciento. As well as Jimmy Curtis my cousin's FILaw.

Jim Collins , University Park, TX

My great, great, etc. was Lemuel Stockton Blakey. He was one of few Texians killed in the battle. ("Blakey" was my mother's maiden name.)

My Great Great Great Uncle Matthew Mark Moss fought at the Battle for Texas Independence and lost a stallion in the fight.

My great-great grandfather was Edward McMillan. He fought at San Jacinto,later married Ann Marjorie McQuiston. Her family donated gold to fund battle.



Michael E Melvyn , Amarillo, TX


Gibraltar is very much like Texas in how it fights to maintain its rights to self-determination. Freedom for Gib and Freedom for Catalonia.

Ron Goodwin , Cave Springs, AR (born in Houston. Always a Texan!)

The family story passed down says my grandfather, James Cecil McMillan, helped build the star.

going today since I was a kid so it's been very many years.

Retta Absher , Pearland Texas

I have been to several of the reenactments, unfortunately it seems they have had too much rain, but I keep coming back, I will see you in 2016.

What a great way to show the kids their heritage. Texas is the GREATEST state of the union.

Susanna Patterson , Bedford, TX

I will be visiting in a few weeks. I'm really looking forward to it!

David Wallace , Houston, Texas

Found out a few days ago that one of my ancestors, who was from Bastrop, TX fought in the Battle of San Jacinto. I'll have to come visit the monument.

Rowland C. Estrada , San Antonio, TX

My family and I visited this beautiful monument and showed them what it is to be a true Texan. Remember the Alamo!

wayne a. livingstone , cranston, r.i. and woodland park, co

Jett Ryan Smith , Forney, TX

Toured the battleground for the first time last summer. I'll be back this summer! Remember the Alamo!

A few years ago I acquired copies of 19th Century family papers from your library. It was a thrilling find. Thank you!

Clyde Sayre , Houston Texas

Today, my wife and I are coming to visit. Look forward to seeing the museum.

Bobby J. Marshall , Nacogdoches

I hope to make it to San Jacinto someday. My great, gr. grandfather was one of the three men that found Santa Anna out in the field where a marke

San Jacinto S. Defnall , Carrollton, GA

I was able to visit this museum about 17 years ago.. it is the only time in my life that I was ever able to find something with my name printed on it.

Rev. Michael K. Graves , M.Div., B.A., West Orange, TX

Thomas A. Graves was my great great grandfather. His brother Ransome was killed at Goliad. He was a surveyor and a Texas Ranger. He fought for Texas!

JoAnne Eastman , Pueblo, Colorado

I plan to visit during the 2015 Festival. I am a great-great-granddaughter of General Sam Houston. My uncle is Sam Houston IV of Katy, Texas.

Kimberley DelHomme Thompson , Houston, TX

My family owned this land. The State of Texas condemned the Habermehl land so it could be part of the State Park.

My husband and I plan on visiting at the end of April. James S. Patterson is my 3rd great grandfather and I look forward to visiting the site.

Dave , Calgary, Alberta, Canada

Greetings from Germany, we wish you folks a happy new year!

Miguel Soto , Houston, Texas

Good day: the History Museum of San Jacinto and Battleship be open on December 31, 2914 and January 1, 2015? Thank You

Shanda Ligon Harris , Bastrop La

I'm a proud born Texan. I used to look at the monument from on top of our shed. I visited several times as a child. Always made me proud.

Mickie Walling White , Ft Worth Texas Born

I enjoyed your site, there are Wallings who fought in the San Jacinto War

I enjoy the knowledge on your site. Many thanks.

Charles R. Hallmark , Meadows Place, Texas

My Great Great Grandfather Alfred Hallmark, a veteran of the battle of San Jacinto, also a delegate at the 1879 Texas Veterans Convention at the site.

Hodges Boys , Dripping Springs, TX

My young sons are looking forward to visiting with their Grandparents. They are 8th generation Texans and learning more about their family history!

I really enjoyed viewing your new website and web cam. This will be a great educational tool as well.

Linda Reigard , Houston, Texas

I can't wait for the Time Capsule that is buried their at the Monument to be opened. I am a Native TEXAN and proud of it.

Michael Heintschel , Baytown, Texas

I'm proud to be a native Texan. While serving in the Army, I got to see much of the world, but no where on Earth did I find a place better than Texas!

Darryl Jones , Originally Leavenworth KS now Houston Texas

I was shocked to find my gggg-uncle William C. Swearingen had fought at San Jacinto and written a famous letter.

Library of the San Jacinto Museum , La Porte, Texas

We're happy to help with genealogical inquiries! Visit the Ask the Librarian page and be sure to include your email address.

Jill Morrow McGuckin , Crockett, Texas

How can I get information about my Great-Great-Great Grandfather Thomas Box who fought at San Jacinto/settled in Houston County?

Robert E. Broussard TAMU '90 , Pearland, Texas

My great-grandfather, Reinhold Topfer, was an engineer/iron-worker who framed the Monument's Lone Star in 1930's. I am an Aggie and proud Native Texan.

I belive that my 3rd Great Grandfather, William Harrison Pate, was one of the soldiers at the battle. Is there a way to document this?

Native son of Texas born in July 1966.

Roland N. Salazar , Houston, Texas

Been re-enacting for last several years. It's a blast! We welcome any one interested in reenacting. Musicians welcomed/Contact [email protected]

Tahjanique Bradley , Huston, Texas

Love Texas I have been living here for 7 months Im from Miami Florida and I love it here thers no beach but the spirit from fellow Texans is amazing

annemarie , sugar land texas

Veronica Luna , Friendswood Tx

I love coming here. I learn something new everytime I come here. Makes me love my state that much more.

Proud Texan that finds much pride in a historic place where our future was defined by a few hundred brave Texan Men. Strong/Brave Texan Men vs. Satan.

Spencer Family , Houston, Texas

After visiting the Monument and Battlegrounds, we have a deeper appreciation and pride for Texas and all those who fought and sacrificed.

Wow, I am totally coming for my Birthday,

Corey Householder , Georgetown, Texas

Very excited to visit the battleground and museum when my deployment ends. Can't wait to go experience some of my history!

Chubzz Santibanez , Tahoka

Very nice upgrade to the site! We'll get the word out on the film's Facebook page and web site. Thanks for all you do.

Joanna Friebele , Dublin, TX

Love this website, you did a great job - very pretty, very functional. easy to look at and use. Lots of info too.

Yvonne Pittman , Katy, TExas

Great job on a beautiful new website for all to enjoy!

Kathy Gause , Irving, Texas

This past weekend, my husband and I visited the monument, museum, and battleground. There is so much Texas history here! Recommend it to all Texans!

Mrs. Wierick's Class , Arlington, TX

We would like to visit! We are reading a Time For Kids article, A Tall Tale about the monument.

I visited the monument in 2011 for the 4th annual Wheel House motorcycle ride. I loved to learn all of the history of the battle.

Quote from my 12 year old.."At least these people know how to make a web-site! I guess that is a compliment:)

San Jacinto story rewrites Texas history

It used to be so much easier to celebrate San Jacinto Day.

For decades, Texans were taught that on April 21, 1836, a ragged but brave band of mostly Anglo-American rebels led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexican army, avenging an earlier loss at the Alamo and winning Texas its independence from Mexico.

At a time when heroes were unassailable and history was less ambiguous, the battle was sometimes put in the simplest terms -- a victory of good over evil, us over them, freedom over tyranny.

On the centennial in 1936, 70,000 people showed up to join priests in blessing the San Jacinto battlefield as sacred ground.

The pope sent his felicitations from Rome and local business icon Jesse H. Jones confidently declared that, with the exception of the American Revolution 60 years earlier, the victory at San Jacinto "was perhaps the greatest of all contributions to the cause of free government in the world."

But lately, Texans don't seem quite so effusive.

The meaning of the battle now seems far less clear, a change that partly reflects a growing national trend toward inclusiveness and multiculturalism over the past few decades but also has to do with a very real shift in local demographics.

As the Mexican and Mexican-American population moves toward forming a majority in this state, Texans can no longer look back on the historic victory over Mexico as a win for us over them.

"The old way was to teach that `we won,' " notes Angela Miller, who taught history in the Houston Independent School District for 20 years and now serves as the district's manager for social studies curriculum. "It's not so easy to use the royal `we' when more than half the kids in your class are Hispanic."

HISD, like districts across the state, has moved toward a more complex way of introducing kids to the events of the Texas Revolution. Students are taught about Texas' 300-year history as a part of Spanish Mexico.

They learn about Juan Seguin and the other Tejanos who fought on the side of the Texans. And they are asked to look at the revolution from the sides of both the Texans and the Mexicans.

Textbooks used to include art drawn from inside the Alamo, literally offering students the perspective of the Texans. Now, Miller notes, some textbooks include art from outside the Alamo walls, giving students the perspective of the Mexicans.

Some locals believe the events of the revolution can now be celebrated in a way that includes the Tejanos and even the Mexicans.

In Austin, a group called Celebrate Texas has formed to revive the traditional March 2 parade commemorating the day in 1836 when the state declared its independence.

East of Houston, the people who run the San Jacinto Museum of History at the battlefield monument aggressively seek new input from all sides as part of their celebration held every April to remember the battle where the Texans won independence.

The museum has hired as its president George J. Donnelly, a Brazilian native of Colombian descent who sees it as his mission to make San Jacinto Day an event to be celebrated by both sides.

Donnelly, who is well-connected with Latino leaders throughout the region, has worked tirelessly toward having the presidents of Mexico and the United States meet at the site of the San Jacinto battle.

A handshake at San Jacinto would be loaded with symbolism, Donnelly notes: a gathering of former enemies, now united as friends.

But while Donnelly remains convinced that the differences of the revolution can be reconciled, many Mexicans still see them as irreconcilable.

The museum director admits that every time he sits down with current and former top Mexican officials, he hears more or less the same story. The Mexicans remember San Jacinto as the battle that eventually forced them to give up half their territory, everything from California to Texas.

This is something they discuss as if it happened yesterday.

Every year, Donnelly sends a letter to the local consul general of Mexico, inviting him to attend the San Jacinto Day festivities. Every year, the offer is politely refused.

"Would an American participate in a celebration of the evacuation of Saigon?" asks current Mexican Consul General Enrique Buj Flores, as a way of explaining his refusal to commemorate the Battle of San Jacinto. The Mexican defeat at the marshes near the San Jacinto River in 1836 "is something that still smarts," Buj Flores says. "In Bosnia, people still kill each other over things that happened 500 years ago."

Of course, Buj Flores quickly adds, Mexicans and Americans are not doomed to live out centuries of Balkan-style ethnic unrest. The flow of trade from NAFTA and the movement of people across borders mean that the two sides have no choice but to learn to live in peaceful coexistence, he said.

Even some U.S. observers suggest it is naive to believe that the differences of San Jacinto will soon be reconciled with the Mexicans.

"We're probably more tolerant," concedes Adrian Anderson, a historian at Lamar University who has worked on updating Texas textbooks. "But isn't it always easier for the winners to be more tolerant than those who lose?"

The basic facts of the matter are not in dispute.

Beginning in the 1820s, a group of American settlers began moving to a region of northern Mexico known as Tejas, encouraged by Mexican authorities who promised land in exchange for an oath of allegiance to Mexico City. Differences began to emerge as early as 1831, and some battles between the settlers and Mexican troops occurred in late 1835.

The Mexican army defeated Texan rebels at the Alamo and Goliad in early 1836 before losing the battle at San Jacinto.

Texas remained independent for a decade before joining the United States, which went on to defeat the Mexicans in the Mexican-American War, forcing Mexico to give up all the land between Texas and California.

Both sides agree that San Jacinto was the key turning point, the battle that eventually led to a transfer of more than 700,000 square miles of territory from Mexico to the United States.

The differences emerge in how the two sides have traditionally interpreted the events.

The Mexicans contend that the early Texas settlers never really intended to remain loyal to Mexico. The Anglo-Americans are portrayed as U.S. partisans who wanted to join the United States to protect their ability to hold slaves.

The traditional Texan story holds that the settlers really did intend to remain loyal to Mexico, up until the country was taken over by a dictator who suspended the constitution, forcing them to rebel in order to defend traditional rights and liberties.

Old textbooks written by Texans make frequent and favorable comparisons between the Texas Revolution and the American Revolution.

But even within Texas, the academic world has gone through convulsions over how the events of the revolution should be interpreted.

University of Texas anthropologist Richard Flores argues that the history became a myth surrounding the Alamo, and now, perhaps, the myth is being returned to a more accurate history.

"Mythology," Flores says, "is a story that leaves you with very clear-cut distinctions: This is good that is bad. Myth tries to instruct. History, by contrast, is by necessity very ambiguous, very complex."

Flores is writing a book about how the Alamo siege became mythologized. He argues that the process began in about the 1890s, when the site, which had long been used as an unceremonious army depot, was slowly transformed into a sacred monument.

Why then? Flores believes the nation needed a rallying point after the Civil War. He also cites a fundamental change in the Texas economy.

The ranches of the 1800s depended on the skill of the Mexican vaqueros, or cowboys. The farm economy that emerged in the 1900s no longer required help from the Mexicans. This caused increased racial tension that led Anglos to begin looking back on the Alamo as a battle between the races -- a perspective Flores says was not shared by those who fought there.

A similar analysis might be done of San Jacinto.

The call to build a monument there won approval from the state Legislature in the 1890s. Construction began in the centennial, and the building opened in 1939, when it was hailed as the tallest obelisk in the world. It was built, as the San Jacinto Web site states, as a "Towering Tribute to Texas Heroes."

Flores is not alone in his effort to pick apart the myths surrounding the Texas Revolution. In recent years, Texans have seen a number of questions emerge about their traditional heroes: Did William Travis really draw his line in the sand at the Alamo? Did Davy Crockett really die fighting there?

Even Sam Houston has come under scrutiny from historians who say he might have gone into the battle at San Jacinto reluctantly, after being pressured by his own men.

Which raises a question: Are the paintings and statues that immortalize Houston pointing the way to San Jacinto historically inaccurate?

If the myths of the Texas Revolution rose at a time when Hispanics were pushed to the margin, it might also be noted that those same myths are being punctured at a time of Hispanic ascendancy.

Mexican-Americans have taken their place in the academy, where they have joined other professors in seeking a more balanced view of Texas history.

In part, the increased influence of Hispanics has come about because of a population explosion as more Mexicans migrate here. Hispanics already make up more than 30 percent of the Texas population, and some projections suggest they will be a majority by 2025.

The growth has obvious implications, as marketers and political parties compete in their efforts to court the growing Hispanic constituency. It also affects how Texas looks at its history.

Miller, the HISD administrator, notes that she cannot even consider using an elementary social studies textbook unless it is available in Spanish for bilingual courses.

Spanish-English textbooks are almost always written with sensitivity to both sides of the story, she notes.

A textbook commonly used in Mexico, the Historia Minima de Mexico, gives a fairly simple reason for the Texas Revolution: The Texans, led by Stephen F. Austin's father, Moses, flooded into the territory and took it over by force of population.

"The number of (Anglo-American) colonists grew rapidly within 12 years they had become a larger population than the Mexican residents in Texas," the textbook notes. "The majority of the colonists came from the United States, were Protestant, spoke English and aspired to live free from taxes and Mexican control."

Mexicans sometimes joke that what is happening now in Texas and the rest of the Southwest is the opposite of what happened in the 1820s. The people are streaming in from Mexico, they are Catholic, they speak Spanish, and they are taking over.

Some conservative Americans do not find these jokes funny. Anti-immigrant activists continually search the Web and scour news sources, looking for statements that they see as confirming a plot on the part of the Mexicans to "reconquer" the Southwest.

The conservatives found a quote from the Mexican consul general in Los Angeles, Jose Angel Pescador Osuna, who said in 1998: "Even though I am saying this part serious and part joking, I think we are practicing the Reconquista in California."

They found a quote from renowned Mexican novelist Elena Poniatowska, who noted last year: "The poor people, the lice-ridden, the cockroaches are advancing on the United States, a country that wants to speak Spanish because there are 33.5 million Hispanics imposing their culture." She noted that Mexico is now regaining, through "migratory tactics," the territory it lost to the United States.

Others look at Mexican migration as something less alarming, noting that the immigrants are eager to adapt to their new land.

"I'm encouraged by what I see," says Miller. In the 1820s, the Anglo-Americans "came here because they wanted freedom, they wanted to pursue a better life. And that's the same reason people come here today."

Using Office 365:

The Username for your Office 365 email account is LastName.First Initial Last Six G# @stu.sanjac.edu.

Want to set your Office 365 password to match your SOS password? Once you&rsquove set up your Office 365 account, simply log into Password Self-Service at www.sanjac.edu/password and change your current SOS password to sync both!

Please Note: Your password must be between 8 and 16 characters and meet the additional requirements.


The initial password is your birthday in MMDDYYYY format.

Example: June 15, 1988 would be 06151988

Please Note: If your date of birth does not work, please try your SOS password instead.

  • Students experiencing any problems with email accounts should contact Tech Support at 281.998.6137

If you would like to become more familiar with Office 365 and learn what it can do, please visit the Training Resources page on the SJC ITS Website.

Should you encounter any difficulties accessing your email account, please contact Tech Support at 281-998-6137.

San Jacinto Battleground State Historic Site

“Remember the Alamo!” “Remember Goliad!” Shouted the Texian troops led by Gen. Sam Houston when they surprised the Mexican army that was camped here in 1836. The decisive Battle of San Jacinto resulted in Texas’ independence from Mexico. This 1,200-acre park includes the towering San Jacinto Monument and the San Jacinto Museum of History. Walk in the Texian soldiers’ footsteps on the grounds, explore the museum, and ride the elevator to the top of the monument to take in a bird’s-eye view of where Texas’ independence was won.

When the US government leased land from Smith's ranch, for the first Post opposite El Paso (meaning El Paso del Norte, later renamed Ciudad Juarez), U.S. Army troops would drill in the plaza. The city of El Paso acquired the property on which the Plaza is located in 1881 from William T. Smith. Smith had bought the land from the heirs of its early owner, Juan Maria Ponce de Leon, a prominent El Paso figure, who had owned the spot since 1827. The square had since been the location of the corrals for de León’s ranch. The city cleared and cleaned the dry, sandy, mesquite-filled property and in 1903 the City Council officially named the park in honor of the famous Battle of San Jacinto during which Texas successfully fought for its independence.

J. Fisher Satterwaite, El Paso Parks and Streets Commissioner, contracted with Fisher Satterthwaite to create beauty out of this desert patch. By 1883, the park was surrounded by a fence, a walled pond was created, a gazebo was erected and 75 Chinese Elm trees were planted. Satterthwaite then introduced three alligators into the pond.

During the Mexican Revolution of the 1910s, cannons decoratively placed in the park were stolen for use in the conflict.

Alligators Edit

The alligators were the central attraction and thrived. At one time the pond contained as many as seven of the reptiles. Most visitors to the park would rest on the wall surrounding the pond and watch the alligators. The reptiles quickly became a staple of the El Paso Culture. In 1952, an alligator named Oscar was hauled to Texas Western College and, as a prank, placed inside geology Professor Howard Quinn's office. On another occasion an alligator was found in the swimming pool at the college right before an intramural swim meet. Sally, one of the first alligators placed in the pond, was the object of a weight-guessing contest. The closest guess won $100 and a trip to Mexico. In 1952, Minnie, a 54-year-old female alligator, laid an egg in the pond and spectators were delighted when they saw a protective Minnie spring to life and rush towards her egg as park employees cleaned the pond.

In March 1953, Oscar was found dead at the bottom of the pond, the result of internal injuries after vandals removed him and threw him back into the pond when police arrived. Seven months later, El Pasoan Myrtle Price donated two alligators named Jack and Jill to the Plaza in place of Oscar.

The alligators were finally moved to the El Paso Zoo in 1965 after two were stoned to death and another had a spike driven through its left eye. The alligators were briefly returned to the plaza in 1972 only to be removed once again in 1974 at a cause of vandals. The pond was permanently removed shortly after.

Many people still fondly refer to the plaza as “La Plaza de los Lagartos,” or Alligator Plaza. Today, a fiberglass sculpture by nationally acclaimed local artist Luis Jiménez honors the original alligators.

Another distinctive feature of the Plaza in the 1950s was a statue known as “The Boy with the Leaking Boot.” This statue stood in City Hall Park for 50 years before it was moved to San Jacinto Plaza. There it was surrounded by a moat and guarded by alligators. The statue currently stands on the first floor of El Paso's Museum of History.

Preachers trying to spread the word of the gospel have always culminated at the plaza. In August 1952, a delegation of Baptist ministers held revivals in the park. The ceremonies attracting hundreds at a time. The ministers said they picked San Jacinto Plaza as a revival site because of the need to cut down on evil, drunkenness and communism.

Since 1954, the traditional lighting of the city christmas tree in the Plaza has officially begun the Christmas season in El Paso. Mayor Fred Hervey was the first to officially light the thousands of multi-colored lights that covered the tree, fountains and nativity scenes. Thousands of El Pasoans watched this 20 minute ceremony which included music from the 62nd Army Band and featured Ted Bender as the Master of Ceremony.

San Jacinto Plaza has always served as a transportation terminal in El Paso. In 1907, horse-drawn carriages lined up around the Plaza. Before buses existed, trolleys made their daily stops at the Plaza. In the 1950s, the Plaza became a major boarding site for city buses as well as a pick-up point for private transportation such as taxicabs.

San Jacinto Plaza continues to be the heart of downtown El Paso, but like most public places, it has its share of problems. The plaza has experienced several remodelings since its origination. The plaza is still a transportation center, and volumes of people remain seated on benches almost daily. Friends still gather to eat and socialize.

Concerns over beggars aggressively approaching park goers, as well as pickpockets have arisen. In recent years, the park has begun to attract transients, peddlers, the poor, and the homeless. Fountains are dry, furnishings are warped. Recently, the city has responded positively to the refurbishment of the park. In 2003, the entire park was once again cleared, cleaned, and rebuilt.

As of February 2016 the park is undergoing a $5.3 million renovation. The money for the renovation is from a quality of life bonds that was approved by the citizens of El Paso in November 2012. Funding is also from the Tax Increment Reinvestment Zone Fund which are special zones created by City Council to attract new investment in certain areas. For the past several months contractors have been working on excavation for irrigation and to add 10 feet of park on all sides, along with new sidewalks and gutters drains. All these improvements will be done in Phase 1 of the renovation. The second phase of the renovation started in February 2014. Which will include different amenities such as a full service café, a huacha court, reflecting pool, and splash pad. Crews will also be installing benches around the new modern park, along with landscaping and irrigation.

San Jacinto Plaza faced many delays throughout renovations which ranged from design changes to shipment delays. These delays pushed the completion date back more than a year. The original completion date was set for February 2015, but due to these delays the project was not complete until April 2016.

Due to these delays mayor Oscar Leeser has stated that the city will bill the contracting company, Basic IDIQ, for these delays.


The beginnings of the San Jacinto Battleground State Historic site trace to the early 1880s, when the State of Texas purchased ten acres along Buffalo Bayou in preparation for the fiftieth anniversary of the Texas Revolution. The Daughters of the Republic of Texas (DRT) pressured the Texas Legislature for more appropriations for San Jacinto. In 1897, Texas State Senator Waller Thomas Burns of Houston helped to pass legislation to fund $10,000 to establish a public park. The money was used to purchase an additional 336 acres of land at San Jacinto. The state appropriated another $25,000 in 1907 for improvements at the battleground and officially named it San Jacinto State Park, the first official state park in Texas. A governor appointed local commission managed the park and reported to the State Board of Control. More state-assisted improvements came to the park in preparation for the 1928 Democratic National Convention in Houston. [5] A grant from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's Coastal Impact Assistance Program will be funding a $2.6 million construction project for improvements to the site's seawall, with an anticipated finish date of December 31, 2016.

The San Jacinto Museum of History is located inside the base of the San Jacinto Monument. In addition to the Battle of San Jacinto, the museum's exhibits focus on the history of Texan culture, including Mayan, Spanish and Mexican influences, the history of the Texas Revolution and the Republic of Texas, and important figures in Texas history. [6]

The 160-seat Jesse H. Jones Theatre for Texas Studies presents a 35-minute movie titled Texas Forever!! The Battle of San Jacinto.

On 17 April 1947, the Battleship Texas Commission was established by the Texas Legislature to care for the ship. The $225,000 necessary to pay for towing her from Baltimore to San Jacinto was the Commission's first task. [7] On 17 March 1948, Texas began her journey to her new anchorage along the busy Houston Ship Channel near the San Jacinto Monument, at San Jacinto State Park, arriving on 20 April, where she was turned over to the State of Texas the next day to serve as a permanent memorial. [8] Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 30 April 1948. [9] The date of 21 April is significant in that it was the date of the decisive 1836 Battle of San Jacinto that ended the Texas Revolution and led to the creation of the Republic of Texas, which joined the US as a state in 1845. Texas was the first battleship memorial museum in the US. [8] When the battleship was presented to the State of Texas, she was commissioned as the flagship of the Texas Navy. [8]

Drilling for oil and underground water have led to severe land subsidence and erosion along the Bay Area shoreline, especially in the Baytown-Pasadena area. [10] Since the beginning of the 20th century approximately 100 acres (40 ha) of the battleground have become submerged under the bay. [11]

History of Hemet

The area in which Hemet is located was first inhabited by members of the Cahuilla Indian tribe. Then, in the early 1800's, it became a cattle ranch for Mission San Luis Rey and was called Rancho San Jacinto. When the missions were broken up by the Mexican government, the land was awarded to Jose Antonio Estudillo in 1842.

The City of Hemet owes its inception and initial growth to two ironic events and the dedication of two wealthy men. The first event was the visit that Ramona author Helen Hunt Jackson made to the San Jacinto Valley in 1883 in order to gather material on the Sobobas, a group of Mission Indians living on the east side of the San Jacinto River. Mrs. Jackson was accompanied to the valley by her interpreter, Abbot Kinney.

During their visit, Jackson and Kinney stayed at various ranches and met numerous valley and mountain residents, notably Charles Thomas and Hancock McClung Johnston. Thomas and Johnston owned ranches in the San Jacinto Mountains where they raised race horses in what was then called Hemet Valley.

From these two men and others, Kinney undoubtedly learned about the 1882 court case wherin the lands of the Rancho San Jacinto Viejo were partitioned to various individuals, some of whom envisioned making a profit from their holdings if a sufficient water supply could be developed. Kinney also learned about and saw a potential reservoir site in Hemet Valley if a dam was constructed across the South Fork of the San Jacinto River.

The next day, October 15, 1886, Estudillo sold the 3,000 acres to three other men, Edward L. Mayberry, Albert HH. Judson and Peter Potts, under the same terms as those with the Lake Hemet Company. Originally conceived by Abbott Kinney and Hancock M. Johnston, the town of Hemet would now evolve under the watchful eye and ready money of E.L. Mayberry and later, W. Whittier.

By December of 1886, Mayberry, Judson and Potts had sold some of their interests in the Estudillo tract to Hancock M. Johnston. Also in that same month, the four men and a San Francisco capitalist friend of the Mayberry's, William Whittier, acquired another 3,000 acres adjacent to and east of the Estudillo tract from H.T. Hewitt, who owned a hotel and some shops in San Jacinto, about a mile north of Park Hill. The Hewitt agreement included a stipulation that a townsite would be located on or near Park Hill.

The Hewitt property provided the basis for the formation of two companies. On January 27, 1887, the Lake Hemet Company and the Hemet Land Company were formed by Johnston, Judson, Mayberry and Whittier, the latter two holding the majority of stock in both companies.

The original plans were to build a dam in the mountains to form a reservoir in order to supply water to the lands of the Hemet Land Company, the Estudillo tract and two townsites, Hemet and South San Jacinto.

During 1887 plans were made to lay the first railroad tracks into the San Jacinto Valley. Mayberry and Whittier wanted the Santa Fe Company to run the tracks through the Estudillo tract, to the east line of the Hemet Land Company lands, and then north and west to the town of San Jacinto, thus providing railroad access to Hemet and South San Jacinto land buyers. Instead, the first official train into the valley came in April 1888 to Mayberry's townsite and then turned north, ending at a spot one-half mile from the town of San Jacinto.

During the years 1891 - 1895, while the Great Hemet Dam was being built to 122-1/2 feet, the town of Hemet started to take on a look of prosperity. Mayberry built his three-story brick Hotel Mayberry on Florida Avenue between Harvard and State Streets Whittier built a warehouse, his opera house, and business shops on North Harvard. In 1893, 39 families and businesses in the town of Hemet were buying domestic water from the Lake Hemet Water Company, and farmers were using irrigation water on their alfalfa fields, fruit orchards and row crops, particularly potatoes.

Watch the video: Exploring History, Aug 2010: The Battle of San Jacinto Stephen L. Moore (May 2022).