History Podcasts

The Week of May 19th 26th - - History

The Week of May 19th 26th -  - History

Four stories dominated the Israeli press this past week. The first story was the ongoing conflict in Syria; the second, was the visit of U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry; third, was the Peri Commission report; and last, the killings in Beersheba and outside the town of Arad,

The events in Syria received a great deal of attention– as there are growing fears of greater Israeli involvement in the war– (following another incident in the Golan, where Syrian soldiers fired on an Israeli vehicle.) This time, the Syrian government took credit for their retaliatory attack. The Israeli response to the Syrian fire came in the form of a threat by Israeli Chief of Staff, Benny Ganz, that if Syria opens a front on the Golan, it will be the end of the Syrian regime. Later in the week, the Commander of the Israeli Air Force further warned that if Assad’s regime suddenly falls, Israel could find itself in “an all out war” in parts of Syria. In addition, this weekend Hezbollah leader Nasrallah announced– for the first time– that his organization is fully committed to winning the war with the Syrian opposition fighters. One thing that every observer in Israel seems to agree on is that there are no good foreseeable outcomes of the Syrian War– just a range of bad ones.

The Peri Commission was given the responsibility to develop a new law for drafting of the Haredim. The plan the Commission presented calls for exempting 1,800 Haredim per year, and requires the rest either to go into the Army or do Civil Service. The plan also gives Haredim an option to delay their service up until the age of 21. There are a number of problems with this draft law, including: the fact that by age 21, Haredim are generally married with children, and the fact that if they do not go into the army, this law does not call for any sanctions to be levied against each Haredi personally (just their yeshivot). Though despite some exceptionally large loopholes in this law, the Haredim are likely to declare war on the new law and last night Rabbi Ovadia Yoseph publically cursed all those who are bringing it about,

U.S. Secretary of State Kerry visited both Israel and the Palestinian Authority this week. It seemed an almost quixotic visit. Kerry is trying to reignite the peace talks with the Palestinians (something that appears almost incomprehensible to most Israelis.) With the Middle East in flames, it seems a strange time to think we could reach a peace agreement. Of course, a contrarian could say that this is the best time to try to reach an agreement. One contrarian is of President Shimon Peres, who spoke in Jordan today, stating that we cannot miss our current opportunity to bring about peace. I wish I could share his optimism.

There were also two sets of terrible killings here this week. The first tragedy was committed by an unemployed “Bank Hapoalim” customer, who came into a branch of the bank in Beersheba and killed 4 people, before killing himself. The second heartbreaking act of violence was committed by a father, who killed his two young daughters. These young deaths were especially tragic– since the Bedouin mother of the children had warned police in Arad just the day before that her ex-husband might commit this act. The police did nothing. In the wake of this travesty the leadership of the Arad police department has been replaced.

Earlier today, “Better Place”, (the Israeli electric car company) declared bankruptcy. In Israel there is no chapter 11, so sadly, the company will be disbanded. This is a sad end for a company that seemed to have so much promise. In the three years it has been trying to sell its car in Israel it only successfully sold 900 vehicles. The reasons they failed are complicated. However, between the high price of their cars, combined with the complete dependency on the company’s charging network, too few Israeli buyers could be convinced to purchase the car.

Lastly, in a recent worldwide poll Israel has been rated the fifth least popular nation in the world, (ahead of North Korea, Afghanistan and Iran). Germany was rated the #1 most popular nation by the same survey. I just have nothing to say.


2021 Daily Holidays that fall on May 26, include:

  • Day of Vesak - May 26, 2021
  • National Blueberry Cheesecake Day 
  • National Cherry Dessert Day 
  • National Paper Airplane Day 
  • National Senior Health & Fitness Day - May 26, 2021 (Last Wednesday in May)
  • Sally Ride Day 
  • World Dracula Day 
  • World Lindy Hop Day 
  • World Orienteering Day - May 26, 2021
  • World Otter Day - May 26, 2021 (Last Wednesday in May)
  • World Red Head Day 

2021 Weekly Holidays that include May 26, are:

  • Healthy and Safe Swimming Week - May 24-30, 2021 (Week before Memorial Day Mon-Sun)
  • National Backyard Games Week - May 23-29, 2021 (Week before Memorial Day)
  • National Safe Boating Week - May 22-28, 2021 (Week Before Memorial Day)
  • National Tire Safety Week - May 23-29, 2021 (Starts Week before Memorial Day Weekend)
  • Older Americans Mental Health Week - May 23-28, 2021 (Last Full Week in May) 
  • Prepare Tomorrow's Parents Month - May 9 - June 20, 2021
  • Week of Solidarity with the Peoples of Non Self-Governing Territories - May 25-31

2021 Monthly Holidays that include May 26, are:

There are too many monthly holidays to include here, so please check out our May Holidays page to see all of the holidays that are celebrated the entire month of May.

  1. A page on each holiday will be coming soon and linked above.
  2. If a date is a movable holiday, that is different every year, I'll include the year as well as the date rule above. Otherwise, the holiday falls on the same date each year.

The Birthstone(s) for May is the Emerald which is a symbol of rebirth and is believed to grant the owner foresight, good fortune, and youth.

  • 1795 - Johns Hopkins, American businessman and philanthropist who founded Johns Hopkins University (d. 1873)
  • 1890 - Ho chi Minh, 1st President of Vietnam (d. 1969)
  • 1897 - Frank Luke - American lieutenant and World War I pilot (fighter ace) who was the first airman to receive the Medal of Honor
  • 1925 - Malcolm X, American minister, human rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1939 - Dick Scobee, American colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 1986 - He was killed commanding the Space Shuttle Challenger, which suffered a booster failure during launch)
  • 1945 - Pete Townshend, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist (The Who)
  • 1951 - Joey Ramone, American singer and songwriter (Ramones) (d. 2001)

Contents

The history of Memorial Day in the United States is complex. The U.S. Department of Veterans' Affairs recognizes that approximately 25 places claim to have originated the holiday. [6] At Columbus [Georgia] State University there is a Center for Memorial Day Research [ citation needed ] , and the University of Mississippi incorporates a Center for Civil War Research that has also led research into Memorial Day's origins. [7] The practice of decorating soldiers' graves with flowers is an ancient custom. [8] Soldiers' graves were decorated in the U.S. before [9] and during the American Civil War. Many of the origination claims are myths, unsupported by evidence, while others are one-time cemetery dedications or funeral tributes. In 2014, one scholarly effort attempted to separate the myths and one-time events from the activities that actually led to the establishment of the federal holiday. [10]

According to the United States Library of Congress website, "Southern women decorated the graves of soldiers even before the Civil War’s end. Records show that by 1865, Mississippi, Virginia, and South Carolina all had precedents for Memorial Day." [11] The earliest Southern Memorial Day celebrations were simple, somber occasions for veterans and their families to honor the dead and tend to local cemeteries. [12] In following years, the Ladies' Memorial Association and other groups increasingly focused rituals on preserving Confederate Culture and the Lost Cause of the Confederacy narrative. [13]

Warrenton, Virginia Edit

On June 3, 1861, Warrenton, Virginia, was the location of the first Civil War soldier's grave ever to be decorated, according to a Richmond Times-Dispatch newspaper article in 1906. [14] This decoration was for the funeral of the first soldier killed in action during the Civil War, John Quincy Marr, who died on June 1, 1861, during a skirmish at Battle of Fairfax Courthouse in Virginia. [15]

Savannah, Georgia Edit

In July 1862, women in Savannah, Georgia, decorated the graves at Laurel Grove Cemetery of Colonel Francis S. Bartow and his comrades who died at Battle of Manassas (First Battle of Bull Run) the year before. [16]

Jackson, Mississippi Edit

On April 26, 1865, in Jackson, Mississippi, Sue Landon Vaughan supposedly decorated the graves of Confederate and Union soldiers. However, the earliest recorded reference to this event did not appear until many years after. [10] Regardless, mention of the observance is inscribed on the southeast panel of the Confederate Monument in Jackson, erected in 1891. [17]

Charleston, South Carolina Edit

On May 1, 1865, in Charleston, South Carolina, recently freed African-Americans held a parade of 10,000 people to honor 257 dead Union soldiers, whose remains they had reburied from a mass grave in a Confederate prison camp. [18] Historian David W. Blight cites contemporary news reports of this incident in the Charleston Daily Courier and the New-York Tribune. Although Blight claimed that "African Americans invented Memorial Day in Charleston, South Carolina", [19] in 2012, he stated in the New York Times article that he "has no evidence" that the event in Charleston effectively led to General Logan’s call for the national holiday. Blight said, "I’m much more interested in the meaning that’s being conveyed in that incredible ritual than who’s first.” [20]

Columbus, Georgia Edit

The United States National Park Service [21] and numerous scholars attribute the beginning of a Memorial Day practice in the South to a group of women of Columbus, Georgia. [10] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] The women were the Ladies Memorial Association of Columbus. They were represented by Mary Ann Williams (Mrs. Charles J. Williams) who, as Secretary, wrote a letter to press in March 1866 asking their assistance in establishing annual holiday to decorate the graves of soldiers throughout the south. [28] The letter was reprinted in several southern states and the plans were noted in newspapers in the north. The date of April 26 was chosen. The holiday was observed in Atlanta, Augusta, Macon, Columbus and elsewhere in Georgia as well as Montgomery, Alabama Memphis, Tennessee Louisville, Kentucky New Orleans, Louisiana Jackson, Mississippi, and across the south. [10] In some cities, mostly in Virginia, other dates in May and June were observed. General John A. Logan commented on the observances in a speech to veterans on July 4, 1866, in Salem, Illinois. [29] After General Logan's General Order No. 11 to the Grand Army of the Republic to observe May 30, 1868, the earlier version of the holiday began to be referred to as Confederate Memorial Day. [10]

Columbus, Mississippi Edit

A year after the war's end, in April 1866, four women of Columbus gathered together to decorate the graves of the Confederate soldiers. They also felt moved to honor the Union soldiers buried there, and to note the grief of their families, by decorating their graves as well. The story of their gesture of humanity and reconciliation is held by some writers as the inspiration of the original Memorial Day despite its occurring last among the claimed inspirations. [30] [31] [32] [33]

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Edit

The 1863 cemetery dedication at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, included a ceremony of commemoration at the graves of dead soldiers. Some have therefore claimed that President Abraham Lincoln was the founder of Memorial Day. [34] However, Chicago journalist Lloyd Lewis tried to make the case that it was Lincoln's funeral that spurred the soldiers' grave decorating that followed. [35]

Boalsburg, Pennsylvania Edit

On July 4, 1864, ladies decorated soldiers' graves according to local historians in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania. [36] Boalsburg promotes itself as the birthplace of Memorial Day. [37] However, no reference to this event existed until the printing of the History of the 148th Pennsylvania Volunteers in 1904. [38] In a footnote to a story about her brother, Mrs. Sophie (Keller) Hall described how she and Emma Hunter decorated the grave of Emma's father, Reuben Hunter. The original story did not account for Reuben Hunter's death occurring two months later on September 19, 1864. It also did not mention Mrs. Elizabeth Myers as one of the original participants. However, a bronze statue of all three women gazing upon Reuben Hunter's grave now stands near the entrance to the Boalsburg Cemetery. Although July 4, 1864, was a Monday, the town now claims that the original decoration was on one of the Sundays in October 1864. [39]

National Decoration Day Edit

On May 5, 1868, General John A. Logan issued a proclamation calling for "Decoration Day" to be observed annually and nationwide he was commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), an organization of and for Union Civil War veterans founded in Decatur, Illinois. [40] With his proclamation, Logan adopted the Memorial Day practice that had begun in the Southern states three years earlier. [10] [41] [42] [43] [28] [44] [45] The northern states quickly adopted the holiday. In 1868, memorial events were held in 183 cemeteries in 27 states, and 336 in 1869. [46] One author claims that the date was chosen because it was not the anniversary of any particular battle. [47] According to a White House address in 2010, the date was chosen as the optimal date for flowers to be in bloom in the North. [48]

Michigan state holiday Edit

In 1871, Michigan made Decoration Day an official state holiday and by 1890, every northern state had followed suit. There was no standard program for the ceremonies, but they were typically sponsored by the Women's Relief Corps, the women's auxiliary of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR), which had 100,000 members. By 1870, the remains of nearly 300,000 Union dead had been reinterred in 73 national cemeteries, located near major battlefields and thus mainly in the South. The most famous are Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania and Arlington National Cemetery, near Washington, :D.C. [49]

Waterloo, New York proclamation Edit

On May 26, 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson designated an "official" birthplace of the holiday by signing the presidential proclamation naming Waterloo, New York, as the holder of the title. This action followed House Concurrent Resolution 587, in which the 89th Congress had officially recognized that the patriotic tradition of observing Memorial Day had begun one hundred years prior in Waterloo, New York. [50] The village credits druggist Henry C. Welles and county clerk John B. Murray as the founders of the holiday. [ citation needed ] The legitimacy of this claim has been called into question by several scholars. [51]

In April 1865, following Lincoln's assassination, commemorations were widespread. The more than 600,000 soldiers of both sides who died in the Civil War meant that burial and memorialization took on new cultural significance. Under the leadership of women during the war, an increasingly formal practice of decorating graves had taken shape. In 1865, the federal government also began creating the United States National Cemetery System for the Union war dead. [52]

By the 1880s, ceremonies were becoming more consistent across geography as the GAR provided handbooks that presented specific procedures, poems, and Bible verses for local post commanders to utilize in planning the local event. Historian Stuart McConnell reports: [53]

on the day itself, the post assembled and marched to the local cemetery to decorate the graves of the fallen, an enterprise meticulously organized months in advance to assure that none were missed. Finally came a simple and subdued graveyard service involving prayers, short patriotic speeches, and music … and at the end perhaps a rifle salute.

Relationship to Confederate Memorial Day Edit

In 1868, some Southern public figures began adding the label "Confederate" to their commemorations and claimed that Northerners had appropriated the holiday. [54] [21] [55] The first official celebration of Confederate Memorial Day as a public holiday occurred in 1874, following a proclamation by the Georgia legislature. [56] By 1916, ten states celebrated it, on June 3, the birthday of CSA President Jefferson Davis. [56] Other states chose late April dates, or May 10, commemorating Davis' capture. [56]

The Ladies' Memorial Association played a key role in using Memorial Day rituals to preserve Confederate culture. [13] Various dates ranging from April 25 to mid-June were adopted in different Southern states. Across the South, associations were founded, many by women, to establish and care for permanent cemeteries for the Confederate dead, organize commemorative ceremonies, and sponsor appropriate monuments as a permanent way of remembering the Confederate dead. The most important of these was the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which grew from 17,000 members in 1900 to nearly 100,000 women by World War I. They were "strikingly successful at raising money to build Confederate monuments, lobbying legislatures and Congress for the reburial of Confederate dead, and working to shape the content of history textbooks." [57]

By 1890, there was a shift from the emphasis on honoring specific soldiers to a public commemoration of the Confederate South. [12] Changes in the ceremony's hymns and speeches reflect an evolution of the ritual into a symbol of cultural renewal and conservatism in the South. By 1913, David Blight argues, the theme of American nationalism shared equal time with the Confederate. [58]

By the 20th century, various Union memorial traditions, celebrated on different days, merged, and Memorial Day eventually extended to honor all Americans who died while in the U.S. military service. [2] Indiana from the 1860s to the 1920s saw numerous debates on how to expand the celebration. It was a favorite lobbying activity of the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR). An 1884 GAR handbook explained that Memorial Day was "the day of all days in the G.A.R. Calendar" in terms of mobilizing public support for pensions. It advised family members to "exercise great care" in keeping the veterans sober. [59]

Memorial Day speeches became an occasion for veterans, politicians, and ministers to commemorate the Civil War and, at first, to rehash the "atrocities" of the enemy. They mixed religion and celebratory nationalism for the people to make sense of their history in terms of sacrifice for a better nation. People of all religious beliefs joined together and the point was often made that German and Irish soldiers – ethnic minorities which faced discrimination in the United States – had become true Americans in the "baptism of blood" on the battlefield. [60]

In the national capital in 1913 the four-day "Blue-Gray Reunion" featured parades, re-enactments, and speeches from a host of dignitaries, including President Woodrow Wilson, the first Southerner elected to the White House since the War. James Heflin of Alabama gave the main address. Heflin was a noted orator his choice as Memorial Day speaker was criticized, as he was opposed for his support of segregation however, his speech was moderate in tone and stressed national unity and goodwill, gaining him praise from newspapers. [61]

The name "Memorial Day", which was first attested in 1882, gradually became more common than "Decoration Day" after World War II [62] but was not declared the official name by federal law until 1967. [63] On June 28, 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which moved four holidays, including Memorial Day, from their traditional dates to a specified Monday in order to create a convenient three-day weekend. [64] The change moved Memorial Day from its traditional May 30 date to the last Monday in May. The law took effect at the federal level in 1971. [64] After some initial confusion and unwillingness to comply, all 50 states adopted Congress's change of date within a few years. [ citation needed ]

By the early 20th century, the GAR complained more and more about the younger generation. [ citation needed ] In 1913, one Indiana veteran complained that younger people born since the war had a "tendency . to forget the purpose of Memorial Day and make it a day for games, races, and revelry, instead of a day of memory and tears". [65] Indeed, in 1911 the scheduling of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway car race (later named the Indianapolis 500) was vehemently opposed by the increasingly elderly GAR. The state legislature in 1923 rejected holding the race on the holiday. But the new American Legion and local officials wanted the big race to continue, so Governor Warren McCray vetoed the bill and the race went on. [66]

Memorial Day endures as a holiday which most businesses observe because it marks the unofficial beginning of summer. The Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW) and Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW) advocated returning to the original date. The VFW stated in 2002: [67]

Changing the date merely to create three-day weekends has undermined the very meaning of the day. No doubt, this has contributed a lot to the general public's nonchalant observance of Memorial Day.

In 2000, Congress passed the National Moment of Remembrance Act, asking people to stop and remember at 3:00 pm. [68]

On Memorial Day, the flag of the United States is raised briskly to the top of the staff and then solemnly lowered to the half-staff position, where it remains only until noon. [69] It is then raised to full-staff for the remainder of the day. [70]

The National Memorial Day Concert takes place on the west lawn of the United States Capitol. [71] The concert is broadcast on PBS and NPR. Music is performed, and respect is paid to the people who gave their lives for their country. [ citation needed ]

Across the United States, the central event is attending one of the thousands of parades held on Memorial Day in large and small cities. Most of these feature marching bands and an overall military theme with the Active Duty, Reserve, National Guard, and Veteran service members participating along with military vehicles from various wars. [ citation needed ]

Scholars, [72] [73] [74] [75] following the lead of sociologist Robert Bellah, often make the argument that the United States has a secular "civil religion" – one with no association with any religious denomination or viewpoint – that has incorporated Memorial Day as a sacred event. With the Civil War, a new theme of death, sacrifice, and rebirth enters the civil religion. Memorial Day gave ritual expression to these themes, integrating the local community into a sense of nationalism. The American civil religion, in contrast to that of France, was never anticlerical or militantly secular in contrast to Britain, it was not tied to a specific denomination, such as the Church of England. The Americans borrowed from different religious traditions so that the average American saw no conflict between the two, and deep levels of personal motivation were aligned with attaining national goals. [76]

Since 1868 Doylestown, Pennsylvania, has held annual Memorial Day parades which it claims to be the nation's oldest continuously running. Grafton, West Virginia, has also had an ongoing parade since 1867. However, the Memorial Day parade in Rochester, Wisconsin, predates Doylestown's by one year. [77] [78]

In 1915, following the Second Battle of Ypres, Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, a physician with the Canadian Expeditionary Force, wrote the poem, "In Flanders Fields". Its opening lines refer to the fields of poppies that grew among the soldiers' graves in Flanders. [79]

In 1918, inspired by the poem, YWCA worker Moina Michael attended a YWCA Overseas War Secretaries' conference wearing a silk poppy pinned to her coat and distributed over two dozen more to others present. In 1920, the National American Legion adopted it as its official symbol of remembrance. [80]

Year Memorial Day
1971 1976 1982 1993 1999 2004 2010 2021 2027 May 31 (week 22)
1977 1983 1988 1994 2005 2011 2016 2022 May 30 (week 22)
1972 1978 1989 1995 2000 2006 2017 2023 2028 May 29 (week 22)
1973 1979 1984 1990 2001 2007 2012 2018 2029 May 28 (week 22)
1974 1985 1991 1996 2002 2013 2019 2024 2030 May 27 (common year week 21, leap year week 22)
1975 1980 1986 1997 2003 2008 2014 2025 2031 May 26 (week 21)
1981 1987 1992 1998 2009 2015 2020 2026 May 25 (week 21)

Decoration Day (Appalachia and Liberia) Edit

Decoration Days in Southern Appalachia and Liberia are an unbroken tradition which arose by the 19th century. Decoration practices are localized and unique to individual families, cemeteries, and communities, but common elements that unify the various Decoration Day practices are thought to represent syncretism of predominantly Christian cultures in 19th century Southern Appalachia with pre-Christian influences from Scotland, Ireland, and African cultures. Appalachian and Liberian cemetery decoration traditions are thought to have more in common with one another than with United States Memorial Day traditions which are focused on honoring the military dead. [81] Appalachian and Liberian cemetery decoration traditions pre-date the United States Memorial Day holiday. [82]

In the United States, cemetery decoration practices have been recorded in the Appalachian regions of West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, northern South Carolina, northern Georgia, northern and central Alabama, and northern Mississippi. Appalachian cemetery decoration has also been observed in areas outside Appalachia along routes of westward migration from that region: northern Louisiana, northeastern Texas, Arkansas, eastern Oklahoma, and southern Missouri. [ citation needed ]

According to scholars Alan and Karen Jabbour, "the geographic spread . from the Smokies to northeastern Texas and Liberia, offer strong evidence that the southern Decoration Day originated well back in the nineteenth century. The presence of the same cultural tradition throughout the Upland South argues for the age of the tradition, which was carried westward (and eastward to Africa) by nineteenth-century migration and has survived in essentially the same form till the present." [40]

While these customs may have inspired in part rituals to honor military dead like Memorial Day, numerous differences exist between Decoration Day customs and Memorial Day, including that the date is set differently by each family or church for each cemetery to coordinate the maintenance, social, and spiritual aspects of decoration. [81] [83] [84]


OCTOBER 1916

1st October

  • Battle of le Transloy (Somme) begins (see 18th).
  • Battle of the Ancre Heights (Somme) begins (see November 11th).

3rd October

5th October

7th October

8th October

9th October

  • Eighth Battle of the Isonzo begins (see 12th).
  • M. Venizelos arrives at Salonika (see August 30th and September 25th and 29th).
  • Marshal-Count Masakata Terauchi succeeds Marquis Okuma [Appointed Prime Minister April 16th, 1914.] as Japanese Prime Minister and Viscount Ishii as Acting Foreign Minister (see September 21st, 1915, November 20th, 1916 and September 29th, 1918).

10th October

  • Entente Governments send ultimatum to Greek Government demanding surrender of the Greek fleet (see 11th).
  • Professor Lambros forms new Greek Ministry (see 3rd, September 29th, 1916 and May 3rd, 1917).

11th October

12th October

13th October

  • Norwegian Government issue orders prohibiting belligerent submarines from using Norwegian territorial waters (see February 1st, 1917).

14th October

17th October

18th October

20th October

  • Russian battleship "lmperatritsa Mariya" destroyed by internal explosion at Sevastopol.
  • Anglo-French Conference held at Calais to discuss Greek participation in the war.

21st October

22nd October

  • Constanza (Dobrudja) captured by German and Bulgarian forces. Affairs in the Dakhla Oasis end (see 17th).

24th October

  • "First Offensive Battle" of Verdun begins [French name and date.] (see December 18th). Fort Douaumont recaptured by French forces (see February 25th, August 31st and November 1st).

25th October

26th October

28th October

  • Dr. E. von Körber appointed Austrian Premier (see 21st and December 14th).
  • British hospital ship "Galeka" totally wrecked by mine off Havre.

29th October

30th October

  • Lieut.-General von Stein succeeds Lieut.-General Wild von Hohenborn as German Minister for War (see January 21st, 1915, and October 9th, 1918).

31st October


This Week in Local History – May 19, 2021 – The Review Archives

10 Years ago
Undefeated VCI senior girls heading to EOSSA
The Review, May 18, 2011 – RUSSELL – A long tradition of success has followed the sports teams at Vankleek Hill Collegiate Institute into their new building this year. All four of the school’s soccer teams headed to the playoff round this past Monday, May 16, at Russell High School. The VCI senior girls soccer team – undefeated in the regular season – won all three of its games and are now headed to the Eastern Ontario Secondary School Athletic Association championships in Carleton Place on May 26.

Photo and caption reprinted from the May 19, 2011, edition of The Review.

25 Years Ago
60 new jobs at PPG plant
The Review, May 22, 1996 – HAWKESBURY – Some 60 new jobs are being created at the PPG Canada Inc. (Duplate) plant in Hawkesbury. The company has hired the additional workers because of increased demand for replacement glass. With the new employees, the PPG work force will increase to about 515 workers.

50 Years Ago
MacMillan is Glengarry’s 1970 outstanding athlete
The Review, May 19, 1971 – ALEXANDRIA – Ottawa Rough Riders kicker Ivan MacMillan was named Glengarry County’s outstanding athlete for 1970. The young placement specialist received the Vern DeGeer Memorial Trophy in recognition of his selection at the Lions Club sports banquet at Glengarry District High School. A crowd of nearly 300 attended the ceremony and included professional football players Gene Gaines, Billy Cooper and Russ Jackson. The Ottawa Journal’s Eddie MacCabe was the guest speaker.

75 Years Ago
Hawkesbury men rescued from Long Sault Rapids
The Review, May 23, 1946 – HAWKESBURY – By means of daring rescues, Fernand Ranger and David Giroux were saved from drowning in the Long Sault Rapids Saturday night. The rescue was performed by two Hawkesbury residents, Edward Frett and William Mullin. Ranger and Girous were on a fishing expedition and were left to the mercy of the treacherous rapids when an oar on their rowboat broke in two. Frett and Mullin, who were fishing nearby, rowed their boat fearlessly into the rapids to pick up the helpless men in the 90-minute rescue operation.

100 Years Ago
Plantagenet bank, post office and telephone office destroyed in fire
The Review, May 20, 1921 – PLANTAGENET – A two-storied brick veneer building, one of the largest in the village of Plantagenet, housing a branch of the Union Bank, post office, Bell Telephone office and two private residences, burned to the ground by a fire which broke out shortly after 2 o’clock on May 19. The fire originated in some forage stored in a shed at the rear of the building. Without adequate apparatus to fight the fire, the building was doomed.

125 Years Ago
Chief farm hand accident prone
The Review, May 15, 1896 – CLARENCE – An accident to Joy Roy, Mr. D. McIntyre’s chief farm hand, was the cause of bringing his late assistant Joe Collyer from Oxford Mills to superintend the farming operations. We will not repeat that about the ‘ill wind’ etc., but will just state that there are persons here who wish that Joe Jr. could make frequent trips without the intervention of accidents.

Reid Masson

Reid Masson is a graduate of Algonquin College's Journalism Program. He has over 20 years of experience as a staff writer and editor for various newspapers across Canada, including The Ottawa Citizen and Brockville Recorder and Times.


May 2021 Monthly Holidays

May 2021 Weekly Holidays

May 2021 Daily Holidays

*Amtrak Day: 1
*Batman Day: 1 (Also in September)
*Beltane: 1 Link
Bladder Cancer Awareness Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)
Bombshell's Day: 1 (First Saturday) (Victoria's Secret)
*Executive Coaching Day: 1
*Global Love Day: 1 Link
Herb Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)
*Hug Your Cat Day: 1 (No website. Sponsor Marisa D'Vari, NY)
International Doodle Dog Day: 1 (First Saturday)
*International Workers Day: 1 Link
Join Hands Day: 1
Link (First Saturday)
Kentucky Derby: 1 (First Saturday)
*Keep Kids Alive! Drive 25 Day: 1
*Law Day: 1
*Lei Day: 1
Learn To Ride A Bike Day: 1 (First Saturday)
*Loyalty Day: 1
Mariachi Day: 1 (First Saturday)
*May Day: 1
*May One Day: 1
*Mother Goose Day: 1 Link (Different than one in November)
National Auctioneers Day: 1 (First Saturday)
*National Bubba Day: 1
National Fitness Day: 1 (First Saturday)
National Homebrew Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)
National Play Outside Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)
*National Purebred Dog Day: 1 Link
National Scrapbooking Day: 1 (First Saturday) Link
National Wildfire Community Preparedness Day: 1 Link

*New Homeowner's Day: 1
*School Principals' Day: 1
*Silver Star Banner Day: 1 Link
*Skyscraper Day: 1
Space Day: 1 Link (First Friday)
Start Seeing Monarchs Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)
*Stepmother's Day: 1
World Naked Gardening Day: 1 Link (First Saturday)



International Bereaved Mothers' Day: 2 (First Sunday) Link
Lemonade Day: 2 Link (First Sunday)
Motorcycle Mass & Blessing of The Bikes Day: 2 (First Sunday)
National Infertility Survival Day: 2 (First Sunday)

*Life Insurance Day: 2 Link
Pascha: 2
*Roberts Rule of Order Day: 2
Rural Life Sunday: 2 (First Sunday)
World Laughter Day: 2 Link Link (First Sunday)

*World Tuna Day: 2


*Garden Meditation Day: 3
*Lumpy Rug Day: 3
Melanoma Monday: 3 (First Monday)
*National Special-abled Pets Day: 3 Link Link
*National Textiles Day: 3 Link
*National Two Different Colored Shoes Day: 3
*Paranormal Day: 3
*Public Radio Day: 3
*SAN (Storage Area Network) Architect Day: 3 Link
*Wild Koala Day: 3 Link
*World Press Freedom Day: 3

*Bird Day: 4 Link
Childhood Depression Awareness Day: 4 (First Tuesday)
Foster Care Day: 4 Link (First Tuesday)
*Intergalactic Star Wars Day: 4 (May the Fourth Be With You!) Link
*International Firefighters Day: 4 Link Link
*International Respect for Chickens Day: 4 Link
National Teacher Day: 4 (First Tuesday of the First Full Week)
*Petite and Proud Day: 4
World Asthma Day: 4 Link (First Tuesday)
*World Give Day: 4

*African World Hertitage Day: 5
*Cartoonists Day: 5
*Chanel No. 5 Day: 5
*Childhood Stroke Awareness Day: 5
Link
*Cinco de Mayo: 5 Link
Great American Grump Out: 5 (First Wednesday)
*International Day of The Midwife: 5 Link
*International Roller Derby Day: 5
*National Astronaut Day: 5 Link
National Bike To School Day: 5 Link
National Day to Prevent Teen & Unplanned Pregnancy: 5
Link (First Wednesday)
National (Deaf) Interpreter Day: 5 Link (First Wednesday)
National Skilled Trades Day: 5 Link (First Wednesday)
*Revenge of the Fifth (Star Wars Sith) : 5 Link
*Silence The Shame Day: 5 Link
*Totally Chipotle Day: 5
*World Asthma Day: 5
*World Portuguese Language Day: 5

*International Management Accounting Day: 6
*Joseph Brackett Day: 6
National Children's Mental Health Awareness Day: 6 (Thursday of First Full Week)
National Day of Prayer: 6 (First Thursday) Link
National Day of Reason: 6 (First Thursday)
*No Diet Day: 6
*No Homework Day: 6
*Nurses Day or National RN Recognition Day: 6 Link Link
*Russel Stover Candies Day: 6
World Password Day: 6 Link (First Thursday)

*Beaufort Scale (Wind) Day: 7
Child Care Provider Day: 7 Link (Friday before Mother's Day)
*Cosmopolitan Day: 7 (Drink)
*Cystinosis Awareness Day: 7

International Space Day: 7 (First Friday) Link
*International Sauvignon Blanc Day: 7 Link (Note: Different than on on April 27)
Military Spouse Appreciation Day: 7
Link (Friday before Mother's Day)
*National Barrier Awareness Day: 7
National Public Gardens Day: 7 Link
(Friday Before Mother's Day)
National Provider Appreciation Day: 7 Link (Friday before Mother's Day)
School Lunch Hero Day: 7 Link (First Friday)
Tuba Day: 7 (First Friday) Link
*Worldwide Day of Genital Autonomy: 7 Link

American Indian Day: 8 Link (2nd Saturday)
Bereaved Mother's Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
Birthmother's Day (Saturday before Mother's Day) : 8 Link
Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Awareness Day: 8 Link (2nd Saturday)
*Free Trade Day: 8 Link
International Migratory Bird Day: 8 (2nd Saturday) Link
Letter Carrier's Stamp Out Hunger Food Drive Day: 8 Link (2nd Saturday) Cancelled
Martin Z. Mollusk Day: 8 Link (First Saturday of first full week) Cancelled
Mother Ocean Day: 8 (Saturday Before Mother's Day)
*National Animal Disaster Preparedness Day: 8 Link
National Archery Day: 8 Link (Second Saturday)
National Babysitters Day: 8 (Saturday before Mother's Day)
National Dog Mom's Day: 8 (Saturday before Mother's Day)
National Miniature Golf Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
National Train Day: 8 (Saturday closest to the 10th.)
National Windmill Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
*No Socks Day: 8
O. Henry Pun-off Day: 8 Link

Stay Up All Night: 8 (2nd Saturday)*Student Nurse Day: 8 Link
*Time of Remembrance & Reconciliation for Those Who Lost Their Lives During The
Second World War: 8-9
*V E Day: 8
World Belly Dance Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
World Fair Trade Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
World Migratory Bird Day: 8 (2nd Saturday)
*World Ovarian Cancer Day: 8 Link
*World Red Cross / Red Crescent Day: 8

Mother's Day: 9 Link Link
Mother's At The Wall Day: 9 (Always Mother's Day)
*National Moscato Day: 9

Rogation Sunday or Rural Life Sunday: 9 (5th Sunday After Easter) Note: Also called Rural Life Sunday or Soil Stewardship Sunday

*Clean Your Room Day: 10 Link
*Dia De La Madre: 10
National Golf Day: 10-12 Link
*National Hampster Day: 10 Link
*National Lipid Day: 10 (Dyslipidemia) Note: Different than one on Sept. 24)
National Women's Check-up Day: 10 Link (Second Monday)
*World Lupus Day: 10

*Eat What You Want Day: 11
Free Cone Day (Haagen-Dazs): 11? Link Cancelled
*Hostess Cupcake Day: 11 Link
*National Foam Rolling Day: 11
Link (Massage)
*Root Canal Appreciation Day: 11



Donate A Day's Wages To Charity: 12
(Second Wednesday)
Eid-Al-Fitr: 12 (Begins at Sundown)
*International Awareness Day for Chronic Immunological and Neurological Diseases: 12 Link
*International Nurses Day: 12
Link Link
*Limerick Day: 12
*Native American Rights Day: 12
National Night Shift Workers Day: 12 (Second Wednesday)
National Third Shift Workers Day: 12 (Second Wednesday)

*National Nutty Fudge Day: 12 Link
*Odometer Day: 12
Receptionists Day: 12 (Second Wednesday)
School Nurse Day: 12 Link (Always the Wednesday of School Nurse Week 6-12)

*Children of Fallen Patriots Day: 13
*Crouton Day: 13
Eid-Al-Fitr: 13
*Frog Jumping Day: 13
*Hummus Day: 13 Link

*Apraxia Awareness Day: 14 Link
Fintastic Friday: Giving Sharks A Voice: 14 (2nd Friday)
*National Chicken Dance Day: 14 Link
*National Decency Day: 14 Link Link
*The Stars and Stripes Forever Day: 14
*Underground America Day: 14

Armed Forces Day: 15 (3rd Saturday)
Do Dah Day: 15 (3rd Saturday) Link
*Hyperemisis Gravidarum Awareness Day: 15
*International Day of Families: 15
International Learn To Swim Day: 15 (3rd Saturday)
*International MPS Awareness Day: 15 Link
Morel Mushroom Day: 1 5-16 (Weekend After Mother's Day)
*Nakba Day: 15
*National Chocolate Chip Day: 15 Link
*National Slider Day: 15 (Food)
*Nylon Stockings Day: 15
*National Tuberous Sclerosis Day: 15 Link
Preakness: 15 (3rd Saturday)
Spring Astronomy Day: 15
*Straw Hat Day: 15 Link
World Fiddle Day: 15 Link (3rd Satuday)


*Biographer's Day: 16
*Honor Our LGBT Elders' Day: 16 Link

*International Day of Light: 16 Link
*Mimosa Day: 16 (Drink)
*National BBQ Day: 16 Link
*National Piercing Day: 16
*National Sea Monkey Day: 16
Ride A Unicycle Day: 16 (3rd Sunday)
Rural Life Sunday: 16
Shavuot: 16 (Sundown)
Take Your Parents To The Playground (Park) Day: 16 Link (3rd Sunday)

*International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia: 17 Link
*Same Sex Marriage Day: 17
Supply Chain Professional Day: 17 (3rd Monday)
*Syttende Mai: 17
*World Hypertension Day: 17 Link
*World Telecommunications and Information Society Day: 17 Link
*World Neurofibromatosis Day (NF Day): 17 Link


*Buy A Musical Instrument Day: 18 Link (Honor of The Music Man Creator)
*HIV Vaccine Awareness Day: 18 Link
*I Love Reeses Day: 18 Link Link
*International Museum Day: 18 Link
*Mother Whistler Day: 18
*Visit Your Relatives Day: 18

*Boys Club Day: 19
Buddha Day: 19 Link (Celebration Date) Note: Historical date is always April 8)
EMSC (Emergency Medical Services) Day: 19 Link
(3rd Wednesday)
Emergency Medical Services for Children Day: 19 Link (Wednesday of EMS Wk)
*May Ray Day: 19

*National Hepatitus Testing Day: 19
*National Asian & Pacific Islander HIV/AIDS Awareness Day: 19 Link
National Employee Health & Fitness Day: 19 Link (3rd Wednesday)
National Juice Slush Day: 19 (3rd Wednesday) Link
*National Scooter Day: 19
Turn Beauty Inside Out Day: 19 (3rd Wednesday)
*World IBD Day: 19 Link

*Eliza Doolittle Day: 20
*Everybody Draw Mohammed Day: 20 Link
*International Red Sneakers Day: 20 Link
*National Association of Psychometrist's Day: 20 Link
*National Rescue Dog Day: 20 Link
*Stop The Bleed Day: 20 Link
*Weights & Measures Day: 20
* World Autoimmune/Autoinflammatory Arthritis Day (World AiArthritis Day) 20 Link
*World Bee Day: 20 Link

*American Red Cross Founder's Day: 21
Endangered Species Day: 21 Link (3rd Friday)
*End of the World or Rapture Party Day: 21 (Prediction) Link
*I Need A Patch For That Day: 21
International Defense Transportation Day: 21 (3rd Friday)
International Virtual Assistants Day: 21 (3rd Friday)
NASCAR Day: 21 Link (3rd Friday)
National Bike to Work Day: 21
Link (3rd Friday)
National Pizza Party Day: 21 (3rd Friday) Link
*National Waitstaff Day: 21
*Sister Maria Hummel Day: 21
*World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue & Development: 21

*Canadian Immigrants Day: 22
*Harvey Milk Day: 22
*International Being You Day: 22 Link
*International Day for Biological Diversity: 22
International Heritage Breeds Day: 22 Link (Saturday of 3rd Full Week)
Julia Pierpont Day: 22 (4th Saturday)
*National Craft Distillery Day: 22 Link
*National Maritime Day: 22
*NF2 Awareness Day: 22 Link
*Sherlock Holmes Day: 22 Link
*US Colored Troops Day: 22
*World Goth Day: 22 Link
*World Paloma Day: 22 Link


*Declaration of the Bab Day: 23
*Drinking With Chickens Day: 23 Link
*International Day to End Obstetric Fistula: 23
*National Best Friend-in-Law Day: 23
Neighbor Day: 23 (Sunday before Memorial Day Weekend)
*National Taffy Day: 23 Link
Pentecost: 23
WhitSunday: 23
*World Turtle Day: 23

*Aviation Maintenance Technician Day: 24 Link
*Brother's Day: 24
*International Tiara Day: 24
*Morse Code Day: 24 (Some also observe on April 27)
Victoria Day: 24 Link
*World Schizophrenia Awareness Day: 24 Link
*Yucatan Shrimp Day: 24 Link

*Cookie Monster's Birthday: 25 Link (See also November 2)
*National and International Missing Children's Day: 25 Link
*National Tap Dance Day: 25
*National Wine Day: 25 Link
*Nerd Pride Day or Geek Pride Day: 25 Link
*World Thyroid Day: 25 Link

*Towel Day: 25 Link

Day of Vesak: 26 Link (Traditionally on the Full May Moon) NOTE: Vesak varies per Buddist country. See the link!
*National Chardonnay Day: 26 Link
*National Paper Airplane Day: 26 Link

National Senior Health & Fitness Day: 26 Link (Last Wednesday)
*World Lindy Hop Day: 26
World Otter Day: 26 (Last Wednesday)

*Cellophane Tape Day: 27
Eat More Fruits & Vegetables Day: 27 (Thursday before Memorial Day) Link
*Joe Cool Day: 27 Link

*Amnesty International Founders Day: 28
Ascension of Baha'U'llah: 28
Don't Fry Day: 28 (Friday Before Memorial Day) Link

Heat Awareness Day: 28 Link (Last Friday)
*Menstrual Hygiene Day: 28 Link
*National Brisket Day: 28 Link
National Cooler Day: 28 (Friday Before Memorial Day) Link
*National Hamburger Day: 28 Link
National Polka Day: 28-30 Link (Always Memorial Day weekend)
National Road Trip Day: 28 (Friday Before Memorial Day Weekend) Link
National Title Track Day: 28 (4th Friday)
National Wig Out Day: 28 (Always Fri. before Memorial Day)
*Sierra Club Day: 28 Link
*Slugs Return From Capistrano Day: 28

Amateur Radio Military Appreciation Day (ARMAD): 29 Link Link (Saturday of Memorial Day Weekend)
Ascension of Baha'u'Llah: 29
*International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers: 29
*Learn About Composting Day: 29
*National 529 Day: 29 Link

National Learn To Swim Day: 29 (Saturday of Week Before Memorial Day) Link
*Put A Pillow On Your Fridge Day: 29 Link

Bay to Breakers Race: 30? Link (Last Sunday) Note: Oldest Footrace in America! Cancelled
*Indianapolis 500 Anniversary: 30
Indianapolis 500: 30 (Sunday of Memorial Day Weekend)
*Loomis Day: 30
*Memorial Day (Traditional): 30
*Mint Julep Day: 30
*National Creativity Day: 30 Link
*World MS Day (Multiple Sclerosis): 30 Link

Hamburger Day: 31 Link (Always Memorial Day)
Memorial Day: 31 (Observed)
*National Smile Day: 31 Link
*Necrotizing Fasciitis Awareness Day:31 Link Link
Prayer for Peace Memorial Day: 31
*Save Your Hearing Day: 31 Link
*What You Think Upon Grows Day: 31
*World No-Tobacco Day: 31


The Twenty-Sixth Amendment, 1971

“Old enough to fight, old enough to vote” was the rallying cry for lowering the voting age from twenty-one to eighteen. A first attempt during World War II, when the draft age was lowered to eighteen, was unsuccessful but during the war in Vietnam the issue gained momentum again, led by young people themselves.

Buttons supporting the Twenty-Sixth Amendment

In 1970 congressional supporters changed the voting age in an amendment to the extension of the Voting Rights Act. When the Supreme Court ruled it applied only to federal elections, a constitutional amendment became the inevitable next step as states confronted the alternative of administering two sets of rules for state and federal elections. The Twenty-Sixth Amendment establishing eighteen as the legal voting age was ratified in 1971.


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On this day in Tudor history, 26th May 1520, in the lead-up to King Henry VIII’s meeting with Francis I of France at the Field of Cloth of Gold, the English king met with his nephew Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, at Dover Castle on the south coast of England.

Find out more about this meeting and the rather lavish outfits worn by Henry VIII and his queen consort, Catherine of Aragon:

YOUTUBE.COM

May 26 - Henry VIII and Charles V meet

The Anne Boleyn Files

On 22nd June 1535, in the reign of King Henry VIII, John Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, was executed.

Why was Fisher executed and how did the pope try to save him?

Find out in this TudorHistoryShorts video.

YOUTUBE.COM

22 June - The execution of Bishop Fisher #shorts

The Anne Boleyn Files

Also on this day in Tudor history, 22nd June 1528, Mary Boleyn, sister of Anne Boleyn, was widowed when her first husband, William Carey, died during the Sweating Sickness epidemic of 1528.

His death had a major impact on Mary's situation and you can find out more in this video.

YOUTUBE.COM

June 22 - Mary Boleyn is widowed

The Anne Boleyn Files

On this day in Tudor history, the night of 22nd June 1509, King Henry VIII rewarded twenty-six men for their loyal service to the crown by making them Knights of the Bath as part of the celebrations for his coronation.

One of the men honoured for his service to the crown was Thomas Boleyn, father of the future queen, Anne Boleyn. But what had he done to deserve this honour? Find out more about Thomas Boleyn's rise at the court of Henry VII, and how he was a royal favourite long before his daughters became involved with the king.


Scripture Index (resources to links indexed by scripture text)

". what difference does the resurrection make
in the way we live and practice our faith?"

WHAT IS HAPPENING WITH TEXTWEEK

Many links are active with current information even when my guiding link points toward an earlier year. You can find the homepage from there. I'll be working on updating these and finding new resources.

My planned remake of the Textweek site did not materialize. I am going to attempt to do updates with the current format, conceentrating on removing resources that no longer exist. You can find an index for all of Year B in the bottom part of the right hand index.

I am looking for someone who can convert Textweek from an HTML site to a CMS (Drupal?) site. So many people have reached out to me with offers to help update Textweek, but I will need to have the site in a form that I can part out pages for others to work on.

Things are basically as they were in my last update, if not more difficult. I am still overwhelmed parenting adults with disabilities. I am going to try to begin working, slowly at first, on Year B. Prayerful study helps me center myself.

List of site sources >>>


Watch the video: Sept 21, Latest AOR and eCOPR News, TR to PR Pathway Updates (January 2022).